Demography, Urbanisation and Energy Demand

  • Shonali PachauriEmail author
Part of the Environment & Policy book series (ENPO, volume 54)


Urbanisation is a major demographic driver of energy demand. It is ­intertwined with many aspects of human behaviour, including living and working arrangements and the organisation of economic activity. This chapter explores the differences in energy access and use between rural and urban households in developing countries, particularly India and China. The analysis shows the importance of future patterns of migration, urbanisation and changes in urban density for both the household energy mix and the evolution of energy demand in the coming decades. The amounts and types of energy used by rural and urban households will continue to differ significantly. Concerted efforts and investments will be needed to improve the living conditions of low-income urban households and their access to more ­efficient and safer forms of energy.


Rural Household Urban Household Household Energy Energy Access Modern Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© International Atomic Energy Agency 2012 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy ProgramInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)LaxenburgAustria

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