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Poncelet and the Development of Applied Mechanics

  • Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
Conference paper
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 15)

Abstract

A serious problem faced by Rational Mechanics until the end of the eighteen century was the difficulty of creating a general theory consistent with machines [1, 2], despite the enormous amount of empirical knowledge about machines accumulated since antiquity. In addition, during this period the theory of mechanics made a considerable advance following the 1788 Lagrangean formulation [3]. This paper highlights the participation of Jean-Victor Poncelet (1788-1867) in the solution of this dilemma in the context of the development of applied mechanics [4]. In this context the concept of work and the use of living forces principle applied to machines by the polytechnicians engineers established the fundamental step to that accomplishment.

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Rational Mechanic Steam Engine Engineering School Macroscopic Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Polytechnic School Department of Applied Mechanics and StructuresFederal University of Rio de JaneiroSeropedicaBrazil

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