Dynamically-Driven Winds

  • Peter L. Jackson
  • Georg Mayr
  • Simon Vosper
Part of the Springer Atmospheric Sciences book series (SPRINGERATMO)


This chapter is concerned with dynamically-forced atmospheric flow phenomena which occur when the wind encounters mountains. The range of effects is wide and therefore attention is restricted to arguably the most important phenomena in terms of weather forecasting. These are mountain waves, rotors, downslope windstorms, gap winds and barrier jets. The essence of many of these phenomena is described by mountain wave theory. Recent advances in observation technologies and their application in field programs, as well as in numerical modeling, have led to new understanding, including the incorporation of complicating factors like boundary-layer processes. This chapter describes current theory for each of these phenomena, along with recent observational studies and the latest forecast techniques and models.


Wave Breaking Hydraulic Jump Numerical Weather Prediction Model Critical Layer Mountain Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the volume editors (Fotini Kapodes Chow, Stephen De Wekker and Bradley J. Snyder) for keeping us on track with their encouragement and organization, and for all of their efforts in bringing this book to completion. We also thank the three anonymous reviewers who provided many helpful comments that improved the chapter. We thank the authors and organizations who allowed us to use many of the figures in this chapter. The first author would like to acknowledge partial funding support of his research program from an NSERC Discovery Grant.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Science & Engineering, Natural Resources and Environmental Studies InstituteUniversity of Northern British ColumbiaPrince GeorgeCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Meteorology and GeophysicsUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  3. 3.Atmospheric Processes and ParametrizationsMet OfficeExeterUK

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