Intergenerational and Cross-National Comparisons of Child and Youth Well-Being
This chapter extends the analyses of trends and levels of child and youth well-being presented in prior chapters in two directions—across generational time and across nations. First, we pose the question: How does the well-being of American youths in recent years compare with that of a generation ago when the parents of today’s children themselves were youths? Because most of the key indicator time series of the Child and Youth Well-Being Index date back to the mid-1970s and because the mean length of a generation is about 25–30 years (the modal age of childbearing in recent decades has been approximately 28), we can use the indicators and composite indices of the CWI to address this question. Secondly, we turn our attention to international comparisons and pose the question: How well are America’s children and youth doing in recent years as compared to the children and youth of other nations? Land et al. (2011) addressed this question by comparing data on a number of child and youth well-being indicators for the USA and four other English-speaking countries, specifically Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the UK. A number of findings from that article are reported and described in the second part of this chapter.
KeywordsAverage Rank Teenage Birth Rate Helicopter Parenting Anglophone Country Official Poverty Line
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