Number Sense in Low-Performing Kindergarten Children: Effects of a Working Memory and an Early Math Training

  • Evelyn H. Kroesbergen
  • Jaccoline E. Van’t Noordende
  • Meijke E. Kolkman
Part of the Literacy Studies book series (LITS, volume 6)


Previous research has shown that number sense skills can be improved by playing numerical games and that working memory is related to number sense as well. In this chapter, it is investigated if working memory could be trained and what the additional effect could be of a working memory training on children’s number sense skills. Two studies are reported, in which low-performing kindergarten children received training on either number sense or on both number sense and working memory. The results of these studies show that working memory can be trained and moreover, that counting skills can be improved by training working memory. However, for a direct effect, training number sense seems to be the most effective. More research is needed to further examine these results. This chapter provides directions for early interventions for children at risk for mathematical learning problems.


Number Line Work Memory Task Number Sense Board Game Work Memory Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn H. Kroesbergen
    • 1
  • Jaccoline E. Van’t Noordende
    • 1
  • Meijke E. Kolkman
    • 1
  1. 1.Langeveld Institute for the Study of Education and Development in Childhood and AdolescenceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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