Fatal Child Abuse and Neglect
The Battered Child Syndrome broke the 102-year silence that followed the 1860 work on fatal child abuse by Ambrose Tardieu. Henry Kempe’s survey of child abuse polled hospitals and district attorneys. Both had more than 10% fatality. His reference articles had graphic descriptions of fractures and death. Severe injuries may have been necessary to get past the resistance that Dr. Kempe described with doctors that “tried to obliterate suspicion from their mind.” He put himself in the process describing an injured child from his hospital who was sent home, abused, and died. Dr. Kempe opened the door for more sophisticated injury studies, multiagency child fatality review teams, child death prevention, automated data systems, domestic violence fatality review, and elder abuse fatality review. New programs address child grief support and nonfatal severe injury review. We have surpassed his science but his courage, candor, and clarity are seldom matched.
KeywordsCriminal Justice Domestic Violence Child Abuse Line Staff Child Death Review
- This field is changing rapidly. While not an inclusive list, we recommend the following websites. In addition, team reports exist for many states and counties. Search the web for Child Death Review and/or Child Fatality Review and your location.Google Scholar
- The ICAN National Center for Child Fatality Review. http://ican4kids.org/
- Michigan National Center on Child Death Review. http://www.childdeathreview.org/
- CDC Wonder. http://wonder.cdc.gov/
- Alexander, R., & Case, M. E. (2009). Child fatality review quick reference: For healthcare, social service, and law enforcement professionals. St. Louis: G.W Medical Publishing.Google Scholar
- Caffey, J. (1946). Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hematoma. American Journal of Roentgenology, 56, 163–174.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control. (2011). Sudden unexplained infant death investigation training material. http://www.cdc.gov/sids/trainingmaterial.htm. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- Inter-Agency Council on Child Abuse and Neglect (ICAN). (2004a). Family and children’s index. http://ican4kids.org/issues_FCI.asp. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- Inter-Agency Council on Child Abuse and Neglect (ICAN). (2004b). Issues: Grief and loss. http://ican4kids.org/issues_Grief.asp. Accessed 1 Dec 2011.
- Leeb, R. T., Paulozzi, L. J., Melanson, C., Simon, T. R., & Arias, I. (2008). Child maltreatment surveillance. Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/CM_Surveillance-a.pdf. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- National Domestic Violence Fatality Review Initiative. (2011). National domestic violence fatality review initiative. http://www.ndvfri.org/. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- Steigel, L. A. (2005). Elder abuse fatality review teams: A replication manual. Washington, DC: The American Bar Association. http://apps.americanbar.org/aging/publications/docs/fatalitymanual.pdf. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (1996). A nation’s shame: Fatal child abuse and neglect in the United States. U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. http://ican-ncfr.org/documents/Nations-Shame.pdf. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2009) Child maltreatment 2009. http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm09/cm09.pdf. Accessed 3 Nov 2011.