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Biology and Management of Grape Berry Moth in North American Vineyard Ecosystems

  • Rufus Isaacs
  • Luis A. F. Teixeira
  • Paul E. Jenkins
  • Natalia Botero Neerdaels
  • Greg M. Loeb
  • Michael C. Saunders
Chapter

Abstract

The grape berry moth, Paralobesia viteana (Clemens), is one of the most widespread and damaging insect pest of grapes in eastern North America. It was renamed from Endopiza viteana Clemens (Brown 2006). Larvae (Fig. 15.1c) of this pest bore into berries causing direct injury, reducing yield, and opening berries to opportunistic pathogens (Fig. 15.1d). Where this pest reaches high populations, berries may not be harvestable due to contamination by larvae or diseases that reduce fruit quality, forcing grape growers to leave heavily-infested regions of vineyards unharvested. In the past 50 years, prevention of damage and infestation by grape berry moth has been achieved primarily by the use of broad-spectrum insecticides, but increased restrictions on these chemicals in food crops and the risk of resistance to insecticides continues to stimulate the search for alternative control methods. This review includes the current status of knowledge about the biology of P. viteana and management strategies for its control. An earlier review of this pest and its management is provided by Dennehy et al. (1990a). We also refer readers to Ioriatti et al. (Chap. 14) for comparison with European species of berry-infesting Lepidoptera. In this chapter, we highlight future research opportunities that may improve the sustainability of vineyard integrated pest management programs while reducing crop damage from P. viteana.

Keywords

Pheromone Trap Mating Disruption Female Moth Wild Grape Wild Grapevine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Our thanks to Keith Mason, Steve Van Timmeren, Elly Maxwell, Mark VanderWerp, Tim Weigle, Steve Hesler, Jody Timer and Andy Muza, for their collaboration on grape berry moth research. We also thank the many grape growers in Michigan, New York, and Pennsylvania for access to their farms and for their willingness to collaborate on applied research projects. Funding support is gratefully acknowledged from USDA-CSREES Crops at Risk, Viticulture Consortium East, and North Central IPM Programs; Michigan State University’s Project GREEEN; National Grape Cooperative; and the Michigan Grape and Wine Industry Council.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rufus Isaacs
    • 1
  • Luis A. F. Teixeira
    • 2
  • Paul E. Jenkins
    • 1
  • Natalia Botero Neerdaels
    • 3
  • Greg M. Loeb
    • 4
  • Michael C. Saunders
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Product Support and RenewalDuPont Crop ProtectionWilmingtonUSA
  3. 3.Driscoll’s Strawberry Associates Inc.WatsonvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Entomology, New York State Agricultural Experiment StationCornell UniversityGenevaUSA
  5. 5.Department of EntomologyPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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