Biology and Management of Mealybugs in Vineyards

  • Kent M. Daane
  • Rodrigo P. P. Almeida
  • Vaughn A. Bell
  • James T. S. Walker
  • Marcos Botton
  • Majid Fallahzadeh
  • M. Mani
  • Jose Luis Miano
  • René Sforza
  • Vaughn M. Walton
  • Tania Zaviezo


Economic losses resulting from vineyard mealybug infestations have increased dramatically during the past decade. In response, there has been a cosmopolitan effort to improve control strategies and better understand mealybug biology and ecology, as well as their role as vectors of plant pathogens. Mealybugs are named for the powdery secretions covering their bodies. The most important vineyard mealybugs belong to the subfamily Pseudococcinae (Hardy et al. 2008). Although numerous mealybug species are found in vineyards, this chapter will cover only those that have risen to the level of primary pest. These are the grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrhorn), obscure mealybug, Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret), long-tailed mealybug, Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti), citrophilus mealybug, Pseudococcus calceolariae (Maskell), vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus (Signoret), citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri (Risso), pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), and the newly identified Gills mealybug, Ferrisia gilli Gullan. Meanwhile in Brazil and India, Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) and Xenococcus annandalei Silvestri respectively, feed on vine roots. Collectively, these species will be referred to as the vineyard mealybugs, although their host range is diverse and many are pests of other agricultural crops and ornamental plants (McKenzie 1967; Ben-Dov 1995).


Natural Enemy Table Grape Wine Grape Mating Disruption Lady Beetle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kent M. Daane
    • 1
  • Rodrigo P. P. Almeida
    • 1
  • Vaughn A. Bell
    • 2
  • James T. S. Walker
    • 2
  • Marcos Botton
    • 3
  • Majid Fallahzadeh
    • 4
  • M. Mani
    • 5
  • Jose Luis Miano
    • 6
  • René Sforza
    • 7
    • 8
  • Vaughn M. Walton
    • 9
  • Tania Zaviezo
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science, Policy and ManagementUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research LimitedHavelock NorthNew Zealand
  3. 3.Embrapa Grape and WineBento GonçalvesBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Entomology, Jahrom BranchIslamic Azad UniversityJahromIran
  5. 5.Division of Entomology and NematologyIndian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia
  6. 6.INTA EEA MendozaLuján de CuyoArgentina
  7. 7.USDA-ARS-European Biological Control LaboratoryMontferrier sur LezFrance
  8. 8.St-Gely du FescFrance
  9. 9.Department of HorticultureOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  10. 10.Departamento de Fruticultura y EnologíaUniversidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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