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Applications of Ion Exchangers in Alcohol Beverage Industry

  • Cristina Lasanta
  • Juan Gómez
  • Ildefonso Caro
Chapter

Abstract

There are numerous applications of ion exchange process in the alcohol beverage industry. Among the most widely used techniques are, on the one hand, the use of cation exchange in acid cycle to remove potassium and stabilize wine against the sediments of potassium bitartrate crystals and, on the other hand, a mixed anion and cation-exchange treatment of wine for cation and anion removal from grape must in grape sugar production. Today, only the two aforementioned ion exchange techniques are authorized by the European Union legislation. Unlike laws in the EU, the legislation in the member countries of the World Wine Trade Group (WWTG) is less restrictive and allows the use of ion exchange in other applications. In this way, cation exchange in acid cycle is used for must/wine acidification and chelating resins for the metal removal from wine. Last but not the least, anion-exchange resins are also employed for vinegar decolourization, protein content and volatile acidity reduction, and extraction of wine compounds of commercial interest. Ion exchange treatment is a cost-effective selective process in the alcohol beverage industry, thus becoming a very attractive option nowadays.

Keywords

White Wine Decolourization Efficiency Total Polyphenol Index Quaternary Ammonium Functional Group Grape Sugar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Food TechnologyUniversity of CádizPuerto RealSpain

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