Advertisement

Justified Believing: Avoiding the Paradox

  • Gregory W. DawesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in History and Philosophy of Science book series (AUST, volume 28)

Abstract

Colin Cheyne has argued that under certain circumstances an internalist or deontological theory of epistemic justification will give rise to a paradox. The paradox, he argues, arises when a principle of epistemic justification is both justifiably believed (in terms of the theory) and false. To avoid this paradox, Cheyne recommends abandoning the principle of justification-transference, which states that acts of believing made on the basis of a justifiably-believed principle are themselves justified. Since such a principle seems essential to any internalist theory of justified believing, internalist theories may also need to be abandoned. I argue that while some theories of epistemic justification may indeed give rise to this paradox, an internalist or deontological theory of subjective justification will avoid it. The reason for this is that a false principle of justified believing does not render acts of believing subjectively unjustified, provided that the agent does not realize that the principle is false.

Keywords

Justify Belief Epistemic Justification Propositional Justification Epistemic Principle Doxastic Justification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Cheyne, C. 2009. A paradox of justified believing. Ratio NS 12: 278–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Feldman, R. 2000. The ethics of belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60(3): 667–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Goodman, A. 1993. Epistemic folkways and scientific epistemology. Philosophical Issues 3: 271–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Henderson, D., and T.E. Horgan. 2001. Practicing safe epistemology. Philosophical Studies 102: 227–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Korcz, K.A. 2010. The epistemic basing relation. The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2010 Edition). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2010/entries/basing-epistemic/.
  6. Kvanvig, J.L. 1984. Subjective justification. Mind 93: 71–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lehrer, K. 1974. Knowledge. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  8. Plantinga, A. 2000. Warranted Christian belief. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pollock, J.L. 1979. A plethora of epistemological theories. In Justification and knowledge: New studies in epistemology, ed. G.S. Pappas, 93–113. Dordrecht: Reidel.Google Scholar
  10. Ruloff, C. 2009. Epistemic supervenience and internalism: A trilemma. Theoria 75: 129–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and Department of Theology and ReligionUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations