Current Characteristics of Migrant Transnationalism

  • Pirkko Pitkänen
  • Ahmet Içduygu
  • Deniz Sert
Part of the International Perspectives on Migration book series (IPMI, volume 3)


Reflecting on the research findings, it can be said that the current nature of migrant transnationalism is the result of an interplay of various historical, political, economic, and cultural factors. For instance, the characteristics of migration between India and the UK are extensively related to the colonial history of the countries. Similarly, the most important reasons for the intensive movement of people between Morocco and France lie in the past French colonial presence in Morocco and in the long history of emigration to France. The Turkish–German case represents an established transnational connection in which economic migration has a vital role to play. Although the initial assumption was that Turkish “guest workers” would stay in Germany for only a limited period of time and then return to Turkey, this was not the case; many of them settled in Germany. Finally, the Estonian–Finnish space represents an emerging transnational space in which human movement was prevented by political factors for a long time. Although the Estonian–Finnish space is a fairly recent migratory passage, it has undergone remarkable transformation processes during the past few decades.


Skilled Migrant Guest Worker Transnational Activity Transnational Network Turkish Migrant 
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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of TampereTampereFinland
  2. 2.College of Administrative Sciences and EconomicsKoç UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.The Migration Research CentreKoç UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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