Influence of Climate Change on Vegetation and Wildlife in the Daurian Eco-region

Chapter
Part of the Plant and Vegetation book series (PAVE, volume 6)

Abstract

One of the most remarkable natural peculiarities of Dauria is an alteration of dry and wet stages within about 30-year climate cycles, which affect habitats and biota very strongly. During dry stage biomass and bioproductivity decrease, some habitat types diminish or disappear. Most of species both aquatic and terrestrial survive drought using different adaptations. The vegetation is adapted to climate cycles and resiliently reacts with fluctuations and cyclical successions. The distribution areas of many ground vertebrates pulsate in concord with the climate cycles. But the continuing warming gradually destroys the complete reversibility of these processes and leads to aridization: the dry stage of the cycle has mostly negative consequences including a decreasing sustainability of the ecosystem complexes and shifts in the range limits and migration routes of animals. Many vertebrate species barely survive.

Keywords

Steppe Zone Meadow Steppe Mongolian Gazelle Lake Depression Steppe Habitat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was carried out with the support of the project of the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research “Instruments for estimating the quality of economic growth of the natural-resource region in conditions of climate changes”, № 10-06-00060a.

References

  1. Annenkhonov OA (2008) About state of forest components of forest-steppe of Transbaikalia in connection with dynamics of climate. Changes of climate of Central Asia: social-economical and ecological consequences, Chita, pp 149–153Google Scholar
  2. Dulepova BI (1993) Steppes of mountain forest: Steppe of Dauria and their dynamics. Chita State Pedagogical Institute Publishers, Chita, 396 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Gadgiev IM, Korolyuk AY, Tytlyanova AA et al (2002) Steppes of inner Asia. SB RAS Publisher, Novosibirsk, 299 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Goroshko OA (2002) State and protection of cranes’ and bustards’ populations in South-East Transbaikalia and the adjacent areas of Mongolia. Abstract of Dissertation for candidate of biology degree, All-Russian Research Institute for Nature of Ministry of Natural Resources Moscow, 19 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Goroshko OA (2007) Present status of White-naped Crane in Russia. International Workshop for the North East Asian Crane Site Network. Panjin City, China, unpublished reportGoogle Scholar
  6. Goroshko OA (2009) Migrations of birds. In: Goroshko OA (ed) Concise encyclopaedia of Transbaikalia: natural heritage. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publisher, pp 337–339Google Scholar
  7. Goroshko OA (2011) Analysis of the state and multi-year dynamics of waterfowl in Zabaikalsky krai and recommendations for organizing their rational use. Report of the scientific research, State Biosphere Reserve Daursky, 19 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Grubov VI (1959) Experience of botanical-geographycal division of inner Asia. Leningrad, Academy of Sciences of USSR, 78 pGoogle Scholar
  9. Karamysheva ZV (1993) Botanical geography of steppes of Euroasia. Steppes of Euroasia: conservation and restoration problems. RAS Institute of Geography, S. Petersburg/Moscow, pp 6–29Google Scholar
  10. Kiriliuk VE (2007) The first results and perspectives of the Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) restoration in Russia. Express-Izdatelstvo, Chita, 36 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Kirilyuk OK, Kirilyuk VE (2011) To assess the effectiveness of territorial protection of the Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa). A diversity of soils, and biota of North and Central Asia, Ulan-Ude, pp 74–76Google Scholar
  12. Lavrenko EM (1970) Province division of the central-Asian sub-region of the Steppe Region of Euroasia. Botanizheski J 55:1734–1747Google Scholar
  13. Obyazov VA (1994) Connection of fluctuations in water fill of the Transbaikalia steppe zone lakes with multi-year hydro-meteorological changes on the example of the Torey lakes. News Russ Geogr Soc 126:48–54Google Scholar
  14. Olson DM, Dinerstein E (1998) The global 200: a representation approach to conserving the Earth’s most biologically valuable eco-regions. Conserv Biol 12:502–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Olson KA, Fulter TK, Schaller GB, Odonkhuu D, Murray MG (2005) The Mongolian gazelle. Oryx 39:164–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Peshkov BI (1967) Spreading of the raccoon dog in the Chita region. Protection and reproduction of natural resources, Chita, pp 78–79Google Scholar
  17. Shesternev DM, Enikeev FI, Obyazov VA, Chuprova AA (2008) The Cryolithozone of Transbaikalia in conditions of global climate changes: the problems and research priorities. Changes of climate of Central Asia: social-economical and ecological consequences, Chita, pp 46–53Google Scholar
  18. Tkachenko EE, Obyazov VA (2003) Change of the Torey lakes level and nesting of colonial near-water birds. Ground vertebrates of Dauria. Collection of scientific papers of the Daursky State nature biosphere reserve, Chita, pp 44–59Google Scholar
  19. Tkachuk TE, Zhukova OV (2010) Results of vegetation monitoring on the stationary transect at Daursky nature reserve. Nature protection collaboration of Zabaikalsky krai (Russia), Autonomous Province Inner Mongolia (China) and Eastern Aimak (Mongolia) in transboundary eco-regions, Chita, pp 299–302Google Scholar
  20. Tkachuk T, Kirilyuk O, Simonov E (2008) Daurian Steppe. Compendium of regional templates on the status of temperate grasslands conservation and protection. Prepared for the world temperate grasslands conservation initiative workshop: “Life in a working landscape: Towards a conservation strategy for the world’s temperate grasslands. Hohhot, China”. Canada, 2008, pp 46–61Google Scholar
  21. Vladimirov AM (1990) Hydrological calculations. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 366 pGoogle Scholar
  22. Vostokova EA (1983) Ecological rows of vegetation of closed depressions in the Mongol Peoples Republic. Ecological-coenotic and geographical peculiarities of vegetation. Nauka Publisher, Moscow, pp 40–49Google Scholar
  23. Zhao F, Liu H, Yin Y, Hu G, Wu X (2010) Vegetation succession prevents dry lake beds from becoming dust sources in the semi-arid steppe region of China. Earth Surf Processes Landf 36(7):864–871. doi: 10.1002/esp.2114 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Daursky State Nature Biosphere ReserveChitaRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Nature Resources, Ecology and CryologySiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia
  3. 3.Zabaikalsky State Humanitarian Pedagogical UniversityChitaRussia

Personalised recommendations