The Role of Plants in Transport Processes in the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere System

  • Viliam Novák
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Soil Science book series (PROSOIL)

Abstract

The role of a plant is to reproduce itself. Transport of water from soil through plant and to the atmosphere is a part of this process. Water consumption in the photosynthetic process is small in comparison with transpiration, which is enormous, and transpirating water passes through the plant and stomata to the atmosphere. To preserve itself, the plant can regulate transpiration by stomata opening and closing. Water movement through the plant is described and quantified, with emphasis on the role of stomata in the transpiration process. The resistance (or conductivity) of stomata is defined and methods of their measurement and estimation are described, as well as the resistance of plants and canopies. Daily and seasonal leaf resistance courses are shown. The relations between leaf resistance and properties of an environment are presented. Semiempirical formulas to quantify canopy resistance are also given.

Keywords

Soil Water Content Photosynthetically Active Radiation Transpiration Rate Leaf Water Potential Radiation Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viliam Novák
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of HydrologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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