Diseases, Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs) and Their Effects on Gulf Coral Populations and Communities

  • Bernhard M. Riegl
  • Andrew W. Bruckner
  • Kaveh Samimi-Namin
  • Sam J. Purkis
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 3)


Corals in the Gulf exist in a harsh environment, which only allows a small subset of the typical Indo-Pacific fauna and flora to persist and/or form viable populations (Sheppard and Sheppard 1991; Sheppard et al. 1992; Samimi-Namin and van Ofwegen 2009; Chaps. 11 and 12). Environmental factors have been identified as the major killers of corals and these factors regulate population dynamics and coral reef community structure (Chaps. 2, 5, 10 and 16). Among these, extreme temperature variability, salinity variability and turbidity (as a result of coastal construction, Chap. 16) have been isolated as prime killers.


Coral Population Harmful Alga Bloom Bleaching Event Coral Disease Yellow Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard M. Riegl
    • 1
  • Andrew W. Bruckner
    • 2
  • Kaveh Samimi-Namin
    • 3
  • Sam J. Purkis
    • 1
  1. 1.National Coral Reef InstituteNova Southeastern UniversityDania BeachUSA
  2. 2.Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans FoundationLandoverUSA
  3. 3.Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity NaturalisLeidenThe Netherlands

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