Environmental Concerns for the Future of Gulf Coral Reefs

  • Charles Sheppard
  • Mohsen Al-Husiani
  • F. Al-Jamali
  • Faiza Al-Yamani
  • Rob Baldwin
  • James Bishop
  • Francesca Benzoni
  • Eric Dutrieux
  • Nicholas K. Dulvy
  • Subba Rao V. Durvasula
  • David A. Jones
  • Ron Loughland
  • David Medio
  • M. Nithyanandan
  • Graham M. Pilling
  • Igor Polikarpov
  • Andrew R. G. Price
  • Sam J. Purkis
  • Bernhard M. Riegl
  • Maria Saburova
  • Kaveh Samimi-Namin
  • Oliver Taylor
  • Simon Wilson
  • Khadija Zainal
Chapter
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 3)

Abstract

The Gulf is located in a subtropical, hyper-arid region. It is shallow, and bordered by several wealthy states (Fig. 16.1) undergoing rapid economic growth involving substantial construction along shores and offshore regions, underpinned by its oil and gas industry, and by wealth derived from financial centres. Thriving economic activity has, over the past few decades, begun to exert significant pressure on the Gulf’s marine environment. It is changing rapidly, by developments which include construction, substantial coastline alterations, habitat loss, creation of beds of shifting or suspended sediments, and temperature and salinity changes in restricted water flows along the coast, as well as by climate warming. The Gulf suffers from a “shifting baseline syndrome” (Pauly 1995; Sheppard 1995) and it is difficult to find any meaningful baselines, not only because of ongoing, intensive constructions that cause large-scale alterations of the environment, but also because of several recent episodes of marine mortality from seawater warming.

Keywords

Coral Reef Coral Cover Coral Species Ballast Water Coral Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Sheppard
    • 1
  • Mohsen Al-Husiani
    • 2
  • F. Al-Jamali
    • 3
  • Faiza Al-Yamani
    • 2
  • Rob Baldwin
    • 4
  • James Bishop
    • 2
  • Francesca Benzoni
    • 5
    • 6
  • Eric Dutrieux
    • 7
  • Nicholas K. Dulvy
    • 8
  • Subba Rao V. Durvasula
    • 9
  • David A. Jones
    • 10
  • Ron Loughland
    • 11
  • David Medio
    • 12
  • M. Nithyanandan
    • 13
  • Graham M. Pilling
    • 14
  • Igor Polikarpov
    • 2
  • Andrew R. G. Price
    • 1
  • Sam J. Purkis
    • 15
  • Bernhard M. Riegl
    • 15
  • Maria Saburova
    • 16
  • Kaveh Samimi-Namin
    • 17
  • Oliver Taylor
    • 4
  • Simon Wilson
    • 4
  • Khadija Zainal
    • 18
  1. 1.University of WarwickCoventryUK
  2. 2.Kuwait Institute for Scientific ResearchSalmiyahKuwait
  3. 3.University of QatarDohaQatar
  4. 4.Five Oceans Environmental ServicesMuscatOman
  5. 5.University of Milano-BicoccaMilanoItaly
  6. 6.Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)Noumea CedexFrance
  7. 7.CreoceanMontpellierFrance
  8. 8.Simon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  9. 9.DartmouthNova ScotiaCanada
  10. 10.Javea, AlicanteSpain
  11. 11.AES International ConsultantsManamaBahrain
  12. 12.Halcrow Group Ltd.LeedsUK
  13. 13.Al Khiran Pearl City ProjectLa’ Ala Al-KuwaitSafatKuwait
  14. 14.CEFASLowestoft, SuffolkUK
  15. 15.National Coral Reef InstituteNova Southeastern UniversityDania BeachUSA
  16. 16.Institute of Biology of the Southern SeasNational Academy of Science of UkraineSevastopolUkraine
  17. 17.Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity NaturalisLeidenThe Netherlands
  18. 18.The University of BahrainSakhirBahrain

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