• Ramón SpaaijEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


When people are targeted by a terrorist attack, among the first questions that typically follow—apart from “why?” or “why us?”—are whether the attack could have been prevented, and what should be done in response. It is therefore no surprise that the output of counterterrorism literature has dramatically accelerated, especially since 9/11. This literature shows that a wide range of counterterrorist policies and programs have been tried over the years with mixed success, and that there are substantial dissimilarities between the counterterrorism approaches of different countries depending, among other factors, on historical factors, a country’s experiences with terrorism, and its political system and culture. As will be seen, responses to lone wolf terrorism are equally context-specific, reflecting a variety of counterterrorism and police cultures and legal traditions.


Terrorist Attack Civil Liberty Conciliatory Response Criminal Psychologist Improvise Explosive Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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