Skip to main content

Exploring the Role of Networks in the Creative Economy of North East England: Economic and Cultural Dynamics

Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL,volume 104)

Abstract

This chapter examine Detroit techno music production by utilizing the lenses of Martin Luther King’s Beloved Community and community-based proposals for rebuilding Detroit, which recognize that large-scale industrial production will not be coming back to the city. In light of the limited opportunities in the formal economy for city youth, the threat of illegal drugs and alcohol, and the defunding of arts programs in the public schools, Detroit’s techno community has been active in fostering the next generation of musicians while producing a critical alternative to mainstream urban music that glorifies violence and programs failure. To ensure the future for such young musicians by protecting the Detroit techno brand, Detroit’s techno community has also worked to emphasize Detroit both as the place where techno was born but also as a current creative force in the music. Detroit’s globally recognized techno musical production highlights a creative and mutually supportive community that has long been part of the city that has inspired its artists, even as Detroit and Michigan have largely overlooked them in favor of initiatives aimed at attracting footloose creative workers.

Keywords

  • Creative Industry
  • Cultural Industry
  • Business Advice
  • Creative Economy
  • Potential Economic Impact

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2975-9_9
  • Chapter length: 15 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-2975-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Amin, A., & Thrift, N. (1993). Globalization, institutional thickness and local prospects. Revue d’économie régionale et urbaine, 3, 405–427.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bailey, C., Miles, S., & Stark, P. (2004). Culture-led urban regeneration and the revitalisation of identities in Newcastle, Gateshead and the North East of England. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 10, 47–65.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Baines, S. (1999). Servicing the media: Freelancing, teleworking and ‘enterprising careers’. New Technology, Work and Employment, 14, 8–31.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Balsas, C. J. L. (2004). City centre regeneration in the context of the 2001 European capital of culture in Porto, Portugal. Local Economy, 19(4), 396–410.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Banks, M., Lovatt, A., O’Connor, J., & Raffi, C. (2000). Risk and trust in the cultural industries. Geoforum, 31, 453–464.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Blair, H. (2001). ‘You’re only as good as your last job’: The labour process and labour market in the British film industry. Work, Employment and Society, 15, 149–169.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brown, A., O’Connor, J., & Cohen, S. (2000). Local music policies within a global music industry: Cultural quarters in Manchester and Sheffield. Geoforum, 31, 437–451.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Byrne, D. (2002). Industrial culture in a post-industrial world: The case of the North East of England. City, 6, 279–289.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Byrne, D., & Wharton, C. (2004). Loft living – Bombay calling: Culture, work and everyday life on post-industrial Tyneside, a joint Polemic. Capital & Class, 84, 191–198.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chapain, C., & Comunian, R. (2010). Enabling and inhibiting the creative economy: The role of the local and regional dimensions in England. Regional Studies, 43, 717–734.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Christopherson, S. (2002). Project work in context: Regulatory change and the new geography of media. Environment and Planning A, 34, 2003–2015.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Christopherson, S. (2004). The divergent worlds of new media: How policy shapes work in the creative economy. Review of Policy Research, 21, 543–558.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Coe, N. (2000). The view from out west: Embeddedness, inter-personal relations and the development of an indigenous film industry in Vancouver. Geoforum, 31, 391–407.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Coe, N., Hess, M., Yeung, H. W.-C., Dicken, P., & Henderson, J. (2004). ‘Globalizing’ regional development: A global production networks perspective. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 29, 468–484.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Comunian, R. (2010). Exploring the potentials of social network analysis: Mapping networks of knowledge and support in the creative economy of the North-East of England. ERSA (European Regional Science Association) 50th Congress. Jönköping, Sweden.

    Google Scholar 

  • Comunian, R. (2011). Rethinking the creative city: The role of complexity, networks and interactions in the urban creative economy. Urban Studies, 48, 1157–1179.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Crang, P. (1997). Cultural turns and the (re)constitution of economic geography. In R. Lee & J. Wills (Eds.), Geographies of economies. London: Edward Arnold.

    Google Scholar 

  • Crewe, L. (1996). Material culture: Embedded firms, organizational networks and the local economic development of a fashion quarter. Regional Studies, 30, 257–272.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • CURDS (Centre for Urban and Regional Development). (2001). Culture cluster mapping and analysis. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies for ONE North East.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dex, S., Willis, J., Paterson, R., & Sheppard, E. (2000). Freelance workers and contract uncertainty: The effects of contractual changes in the television industries. Work, Employment and Society, 14, 283–305.

    Google Scholar 

  • Drake, G. (2003). ‘This place gives me space’: Place and creativity in the creative industries. Geoforum, 34, 511–524.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ettlinger, N. (2003). Cultural economic geography and a relational and microspace approach to trusts, rationalities, networks and change in collaborative workplaces. Journal of Economic Geography, 3, 145–171.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fleming, T. (2002). Supporting the cultural quarter? The role of the creative intermediary. In D. Bell & M. Jayne (Eds.), City of quarters: Urban villages in the contemporary city. Aldershot: Ashgate.

    Google Scholar 

  • Flew, T. (2002, January 23–26). Beyond ad hocery: Defining creative industries. Cultural Sites, Cultural Theory, Cultural Policy II International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fuller-Love, N. (2009). Formal and informal networks in small businesses in the media industry. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 5, 271–284.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gibson, C. (2005). Recording studios: Relational spaces of creativity in the city. Built Environment, 31, 192–207.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gordon, I., & McCann, P. (2000). Industrial clusters: Complexes, agglomeration and/or social networks? Urban Studies, 37, 513–532.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grabher, G. (2001). Ecologies of creativity: The village, the group, and the heterarchic organisation of the British advertising industry. Environment and Planning A, 33, 351–374.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grabher, G. (2002). Cool projects, boring institutions: Temporary collaboration in social context. Regional Studies, 36, 205–214.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grabher, G. (2004). Learning in projects, remembering in networks? Communality, sociality and connectivity in project ecologies. European Urban and Regional Studies, 11, 99–119.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Griffiths, R. (2006). City/culture disclosures: Evidence from the competition to select the European capital of culture 2008. European Planning Studies, 14(4), 415–430.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hirsch, P. M. (1972). Processing fads and fashions: An organization-set analysis of cultural industries systems. The American Journal of Sociology, 77(44), 639–659.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jayne, M. (2005). Creative industries: The regional dimension? Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy, 23, 537–556.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jeffcutt, P. (2004). Knowledge relationships and transactions in a cultural economy: Analysing the creative industries ecosystem. Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy, 112, 67–82.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jeffcutt, P., & Pratt, A. (2002). Managing creativity in the cultural industries. Creativity and Innovation Management, 11, 225–233.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Johns, J. (2006). Video games production networks: Value capture, power relations and embeddedness. Journal of Economic Geography, 6, 151–180.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jones, P., & Wilks-Heeg, S. (2004). Capitalising culture: Liverpool 2008. Local Economy, 19, 341–360.

    Google Scholar 

  • Julier, G. (2005). Urban designscapes and the production of aesthetic consent. Urban Studies, 42, 869–887.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kong, L. (2005). The sociality of cultural industries. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 11, 61–76.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lash, S., & Urry, J. (1994). Economy of sign and space. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miles, S. (2005a). Understanding the cultural ‘Case’: Class identity and the regeneration of NewcastleGateshead. Sociology, 39, 1019–1028.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miles, S. (2005b). ‘Our Tyne’: Iconic regeneration and the revitalisation of identity in NewcastleGateshead. Urban Studies, 42, 913–926.

    Google Scholar 

  • Minton, A. (2003). Northern soul: Culture, creativity and quality of place in Newcastle and Gateshead. London: DEMOS & RICS.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mossig, I. (2004). The networks producing television programmes in the Cologne media cluster: New firm foundation, flexible specialization and efficient decision-making structures. European Planning Studies, 12, 155–171.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Neff, G. (2004). The changing place of cultural production: The location of social networks in a digital media industry. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 597(1), 134–152.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • O’Connor, J. (1999). Definition of cultural industries. Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester Institute for Popular culture.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Connor, J. (2002). Public and private in the cultural industries. In T. Johansson & O. Sernhede (Eds.), Lifestyle, desire and politics: Contemporary identities (pp. 15–33). Gothenburg: Centre for Cultrual Studies, University of Gothenburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • One North East. (2007). Commercial creative industries sector. Newcastle Upon Tyne: One North East and Culture North East.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pollard, J. (2004). From industrial district to ‘urban village’? Manufacturing, money and consumption in Birmingham’s jewellery quarter. Urban Studies, 41, 173–193.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Porter, M. (1998). On competition. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pratt, A. (1997). The cultural industries production system: A case study of employment change in Britain, 1984–91. Environment and Planning A, 29, 1953–1974.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pratt, A. (2000). New media, the new economy and new spaces. Geoforum, 31, 425–436.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pratt, A. (2004). Creative clusters: Towards the governance of the creative industries production system? Media International Australia, 112, 50–66.

    Google Scholar 

  • Richards, G., & Wilson, J. (2004). The impact of cultural events on city image: Rotterdam, cultural capital of Europe 2001. Urban Studies, 41(10), 1931–1951.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, A. J. (1997). The cultural economy of cities. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 21(2), 323–340.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, A. (2000). The cultural economy of cities. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, A. (2002). A new map of Hollywood: The production and distribution of American motion pictures. Regional Studies, 36, 957–975.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Scott, A. (2004). Cultural-products industries and urban economic development: Prospects for growth and market contestation in global context. Urban Affairs Review, 39, 461–490.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Scott, A. (2005). On Hollywood: The place, the industry. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Storper, M. (1989). The transition to flexible specialisation in the US film industry: External economies, the division of labor, and the crossing of industrial divide. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 13, 273–305.

    Google Scholar 

  • Storper, M. (1997). The regional world: Territorial development in a global economy. New York: Guildford.

    Google Scholar 

  • Storper, M., & Christopherson, S. (1987). Flexible specialization and regional industrial agglomerations: The case of the U.S. motion picture industry. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77, 104–117.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sunley, P. (2008). Relational economic geography: A partial understanding or a new paradigm? Economic Geography, 84, 1–26.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sunley, P., Pinch, S., Reimer, S., & MacMillen, J. (2008). Innovation in a creative production system: The case of design. Journal of Economic Geography, 8, 675–698.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, C. (2006). Beyond advocacy: Developing an evidence base for regional creative industry strategies. Cultural Trends, 15, 3–18.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Turok, I. (2003). Cities, clusters and creative industries: The case of film and television in Scotland. European Planning Studies, 11, 549–565.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wu, W. (2005). Dynamic cities and creative clusters (Working Paper 3509). Washington, DC: World Bank Policy Research.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yeung, H. W.-C. (2003). Practicing new economic geographies: A methodological examination. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93, 442–462.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Thanks to the artists and creative practitioners that took part in the research and gave their time for interviews and meetings. I am particularly grateful to CURDS (Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies) of the University of Newcastle upon Tyne for the hospitality and support provided during the field research. The author remains responsible for any shortcomings.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Roberta Comunian .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Comunian, R. (2012). Exploring the Role of Networks in the Creative Economy of North East England: Economic and Cultural Dynamics. In: Warf, B. (eds) Encounters and Engagements between Economic and Cultural Geography. GeoJournal Library, vol 104. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2975-9_9

Download citation