• V. I. Ferronsky
  • V. A. Polyakov


The hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios are unique characteristics of the matter of which natural waters are composed of and therefore are directly highlight their history. It is for this reason that the stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and tritium (the radioisotope of hydrogen) are in common use now for studying the dynamics of natural waters, their genesis, and hydrochemical effects resulting from their interaction with rocks.


Natural Water Oxygen Isotope Ratio Cosmogenic Isotope Modern Carbon Tritium Unit 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Problems Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Isotope LaboratoryInstitute of Hydrogeology and Engineering GeologyMoscowRussia

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