After presenting some basic genetic, historical and typological information about Garifuna this chapter outlines the quantification patterns it expresses. It illustrates various semantic types of quantifiers, such as generalized existential, generalized universal, proportional, definite and partitive which are defined in the Quantifier Questionnaire in Chapter 1. It partitions the expression of the semantic types into morpho-syntactic classes: Adverbial type quantifiers and Nominal (or Determiner) type quantifiers. For the various semantic and morpho-syntactic types of quantifiers it also distinguishes syntactically simple and syntactically complex quantifiers, as well as issues of distributivity and scope interaction, classifiers and measure expressions, and existential constructions. The chapter describes structural properties of determiners and quantified noun phrases in Garifuna, both in terms of internal structure (morphological or syntactic) and distribution.
KeywordsGarifuna Quantification patterns Semantic Morpho-syntactic Quantifiers Classifiers Determiners Quantified noun phrases
Thanks to a wonderful teacher, Maurice Lopez, for providing all data analyzed in this paper, as well as to Dr. Pamela Munro and the entire 2009 Garifuna group (Kathy Chong-Cheung, Holly Farless, Caitlin Gallagher, Valerie Gofman, Zachary Hart, Heidi Klockmann, Mikael Miller, Pamela Munro, María Rodríguez, Svetlana Tchistiakova, Michael Tessler, and Jennifer Zhang) for insights and collaboration. I am also grateful to Henrietta Augustine, Vincent Guzman, Efigenia Hill, Vincent Lopez, Dora Williams, and Joseph Williams in Seine Bight, Belize; I was unable to work directly with these speakers but am endlessly grateful to Pam Munro for making these data available to me. Finally, I am grateful to the participants in the American Indian Languages Seminar, especially Marcus Smith, for feedback and suggestions on multiple occasions, and to Ed Keenan and Denis Paperno.
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