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Global Overview of the Role of Nutraceuticals in Cancer

Abstract

Cancer is a chronic disease of the genome that is influenced by nutritional factors at many stages of carcinogenesis, promotion and progression. A number of studies have demonstrated that dietary factors affect cancer risk. Previously these investigations have focused on macro- and micronutrients but more recent studies have explored the actions of non-nutritional phytochemicals and nutraceuticals. Investigations of the mechanisms of action of phytonutrients have led to pre-clinical studies with promising results. In the post-genomic era, the application of “omic” technologies provides further advances in nutraceutical research by utilizing integrative systems biology. In the future, well-designed clinical trials will help elucidate the role of nutraceuticals in the therapy and prevention of cancer and the role of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in cancer management.

Keywords

  • Dietary Supplement
  • Functional Food
  • Personalized Nutrition
  • Related Lifestyle Factor
  • World Cancer Research Fund

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Abbreviations

AICR:

American Institute for Cancer Research

CAM:

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

CARDS:

Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements

CDC:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

DGA:

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

DSHEA:

Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

FIM:

The Foundation for Innovation in Medicine

NCI:

National Cancer Institute

USDA:

United States Department of Agriculture

USFDA:

United States Food and Drug Administration

USDHHS:

United States Department of Health and Human Services

NIH:

National Institutes of Health

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Correspondence to Vay Liang W. Go .

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Go, V.L.W., Harris, D.M., Srihari, P. (2012). Global Overview of the Role of Nutraceuticals in Cancer. In: Sarkar, F. (eds) Nutraceuticals and Cancer. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2630-7_1

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