Using a Matrix Approach in Nonlinear Beam Dynamics for Optimizing Beam Spot Size

  • Alexander Dymnikov
  • Gary Glass
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


Beam focusing is understood as the result of non-linear motion of a set of particles. As a result of this motion, we have the beam spot on the target. The set has a volume (the phase volume, or emittance). For a given brightness, the phase volume is proportional to the beam current and vice versa. The beam has an envelope surface. All particles of the beam are located inside of this surface, inside of this beam envelope. For the same phase volume (or beam current) the shape of the beam envelope can be different. We say the beam envelope is optimal if the spot size on the target has a minimum value for a given emittance. The essential feature of our optimization is the matrix approach for non-linear beam motion. In this approach we obtain and use analytical expressions for the matrizant (or transfer matrix) and for the envelope matrix. This matrix technique is known as the Matrizant method.


Phase Volume Envelope Surface Beam Spot Size Nonlinear Beam Order Matrizant 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Louisiana Accelerator CenterThe University of Louisiana at LafayetteP.O. LafayetteUSA

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