Fighting Fairies, Gazing at Men: How to Become a Queer Reader

Chapter
Part of the Explorations of Educational Purpose book series (EXEP, volume 21)

Abstract

The author argues that masculinity is strongly associated with universal heterosexual desire during late childhood and early adolescence, but children can resist it by becoming “queer readers,” finding intentional or unintentional sites of resistance in mass media texts. Five television programs from the author’s own childhood are analyzed, and three strategies of resistance are suggested: male physicality, same-sex plotlines, and lack of heterosexual interest.

Keywords

Eighth Grade Saturday Morning Lost City Dark Shadow Friday Night 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ahmed, S. (2006). Queer phenomenology: Orientations, objects, other. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barthes, R. (1993). The rhetoric of the image. In A. Gray & J. McGuigan (Eds.), Studying culture (pp. 15–27). New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  3. Berger, A. (1998). Signs in contemporary culture: An introduction to semiotics (2nd ed.). Salem, WI: Sheffield Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Briggs, M. (2006). Beyond the audience. European Journal of Cultural Studies , 9(4), 441–460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Britton, D. M. (1990). Homophobia and homosociality: An analysis of boundary maintenance. Sociological Quarterly, 31(3), 423–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bursten, P. (Ed.). (1995). A queer romance: Lesbians, gay men, and popular culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Cafarelli, C. (2001). An informal history of bubblegum music. In K. Cooper & D. Smay (Eds.), Bubblegum music is the naked truth: A history of prepubescent pop, from the Banana Splits to Brittney Spears (pp. 13–23). New York: Feral House.Google Scholar
  8. Cain, W. E. (1984). The crisis in criticism: Theory, literature, and reform in English studies. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Condit, C. M. (1997). The rhetorical limits of polysemy. In H. Newcomb (Ed.), Television: The critical view (pp. 426–447). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. De Angelis, M. (2001). Gay fandom and crossover stardom. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (1986). Kafka: Toward a minor literature. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  12. Doty, A. (2000). Flaming classics: Queering the film canon. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Eco, U. (1986). Semiotics and the philosophy of language (Rev. ed.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Epstein, D. (1996). Keeping them in their place: Heterosexist harassment, gender, and the enforcement of heterosexuality. In L. Adkins & J. Holland (Eds.), Sexualizing the social (pp. 158–167). Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  15. Evans, C., & Lorraine G. (1995). The gaze revisited. In P. Burston & C. Richardson (Eds.), A queer romance: Lesbians, gay men, and popular culture (pp. 13–56). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Fish, S. (1980). Is there a text in this class?: The authority of interpretive communities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Friend, R. (1996). Heterosexism, homophobia, and the culture of schooling. In S. Books (Eds.), Invisible children in the society and its schools (pp. 137–166). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  18. Freire, P. (1970, 2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  19. Gibson, P. C. (2004). Queer looks, male gazes, taut torsos and designer labels: Contemporary cinema, consumption, masculinity. In P. Powrie, A. Davis, & B. Babington (Eds.), The trouble with men: Masculinities in European and Hollywood cinema (pp. 176–186). London: Wallflower.Google Scholar
  20. Goddard, K. (2000). Looks maketh the man: The female gaze and the construction of masculinity. Journal of Men’s Studies , 9(1), 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Haggerty, G. E. (1998). Anne Rice and the queering of culture. Novel, 2(1), 5–6.Google Scholar
  22. Hall, S. (1997). The work of representation. In S. Hall (Ed.), Representation: Cultural representations and signifying practices (pp. 13–74). New York: Sage.Google Scholar
  23. Harris, W. V. (1996). Moving literary theory on. Philosophy and Literature, 20(2), 428–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Harrison, D. (1997). The rise and fall of gay culture. New York: Ballantine.Google Scholar
  25. Kielwasser, A., & Wolf, M. (1993). Silence, difference, and annihilation: Understanding the impact of mediated heterosexism on high school students. High School Journal , 77, 58–79.Google Scholar
  26. Kimmel, M. (1997). Masculinity as homophobia: Fear, shame and silence in the construction of gender identity. In M. Gergen & S. N. Davis (Eds.), Toward a new psychology of gender (pp. 223–242). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Leske, N. (2002). Act your age!: A cultural construction of adolescence. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Lewis, C. S. (1955). Surprised by joy: The shape of my early life. New York: Harcourt.Google Scholar
  29. Mao, D. (1996). The new critics and the text-object. ELH, 63(1), 227–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McFadden, M. T. (1993). America’s boyfriend who can’t get a date: Gender, race, and the cultural work of the Jack Benny program, 1932–1946. Journal of American History, 80(1), 113–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mulvey, L. (1992). Visual pleasure and narrative cinema. In M. Merck (Eds.), The Sexual subject: A screen reader in sexuality (pp. 22–34). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Nerlich, B., & Clarke, D. (2001). Ambiguities we live by: Toward a pragmatics of polysemy. Journal of Pragmatics, 33(1), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nielsen, J., Walden, G., & Kunkel, C. (2000). Gendered heteronormativity: Empirical illustrations in everyday life. Sociological Quarterly , 41(2), 283–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Nixon, S. (1997). Exhibiting masculinity. In S. Hall (Ed.), Representations (pp. 291–300). New York: Sage.Google Scholar
  35. Plummer, D. (1999). One of the boys: Masculinity, homophobia, and modern manhood. New York: Haworth.Google Scholar
  36. Savin-Williams, R. C. (2006). The new gay teenager. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Scott, K. L. (2001). Dark shadows memories. New York: Pomegranate Press.Google Scholar
  38. Seidman, S. (1997). Difference troubles: Queering social theory and sexual politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Steinman, C. (1992). Gaze out of bounds: Men watching men on television. In S. Craig (Ed.), Men, masculinity, and the media (pp. 199–214). New York: Sage.Google Scholar
  40. Walker, A. (1992). Possessing the secret of joy. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  41. Walters, A., & Hayes, A. (1998). Homophobia within schools: Challenging the culturally sanctioned dismissal of gay students and colleagues. Journal of Homosexuality, 35(2), 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wiegman, R. (2006). Heteronormativity and the desire for gender. Feminist Theory , 7(1), 89–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Woods, G. (1998). A history of gay literature: The male tradition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V.  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State University of New YorkOneontaUSA

Personalised recommendations