Risk assessment of contaminants leaching to groundwater in an infrastructure project

  • Yuliya Kalmykova
  • Ann-Margret Strömvall
Conference paper
Part of the Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries book series (AGSB, volume 19)


Possible risks posed by rebuilding of a road and railway within a contaminated area have been studied by assessing the mobility of metals in soil through analysis of field samples, leaching tests and calculations of distribution Kd coefficients. The results from the standardized leaching tests showed a very high release of Pb, but also high release of Zn, Cu, Ni and As. The site specific Kd values determined showed that Cr and Pb are the metals most strongly bonded in the soil, and that As is the most easily released. Input of humus colloids increased the leaching of Cu, Pb and Zn and show on potential risk with enhanced leaching if flooding of the river or excavation activities at the site. It was concluded that Pb and As constitute the highest risk of leaching from the landfill site.


Inductively Couple Plasma Mass Spectrometry Landfill Site Simulated Acid Rain Iron Colloid Organic Colloid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bana Väg i Väst (2009) Final report for remediation work and treatment of soil areas for bridge pillar in Nol, area 1, part of the property Nol 2:298.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cappuyns V, Swennen R (2008) The use of leaching tests to study the potential mobilization of heavy metals from soils and sediments: A comparison. Water Air Soil Pollut. 191(1–4): p. 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dijkstra JJ, Meeussen JC, Comans RN (2004) Leaching of heavy metals from contaminated soils: An experimental and modeling study. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38(16): p. 4390–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kalbe U, Berger W, Eckardt J, Simon FG (2008) Evaluation of leaching and extraction procedures for soil and waste. Waste Management. 28(6): p. 1027–1038.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Larner BL, Palmer AS, Seen AJ, Townsend AT (2008) A comparison of an optimised sequential extraction procedure and dilute acid leaching of elements in anoxic sediments, including the effects of oxidation on sediment metal partitioning. Anal Chim Acta. 608(2): p. 147–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rennert T, Meissner S, Rinklebe J, Totsche KU (2010) Dissolved inorganic contaminants in a floodplain soil: Comparison of in situ soil solutions and laboratory methods. Water Air Soil Pollut. 209(1–4): p. 489–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Degryse F, Smolders E, Parker DR (2009) Partitioning of metals (Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in soils: concepts, methodologies, prediction and applications - a review. Eur J Soil Sci. 60(4): p. 590–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sauvé S, Hendershot W, Allen HE (2000) Solid-solution partitioning of metals in contaminated soils: Dependence on pH, total metal burden, and organic matter. Environ. Sci. Technol. 34(7): p. 1125–1131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Swedish EPA (1997) Development of generic guideline values- Model and data used for generic guideline values for contaminated soils in Sweden. Report 4639.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Swedish EPA (2006) Leaching tests as a basis for risk assessment of contaminated sites. Report 5535.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Du Laing G, Rinklebe J, Vandecasteele B, Meers E, Tack FMG (2009) Trace metal behaviour in estuarine and riverine floodplain soils and sediments: A review. Sci. Total. Environ. 407(13): p. 3972–3985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kalmykova Y, Rauch S, Strömvall AM, Morrison G, Stolpe B, Hassellöv M (2010) Colloid-Facilitated Metal Transport in Peat Filters. Water Environ Res. 82(6): p. 506–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kanti Sen T, Khilar KC (2006) Review on subsurface colloids and colloidassociated contaminant transport in saturated porous media. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 119(2–3): p. 71–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hu SP, Chen XC, Shi JY, Chen YX, Lin Q (2008) Particle-facilitated lead and arsenic transport in abandoned mine sites soil influenced by simulated acid rain. Chemosphere. 71(11): p. 2091–2097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Du Laing G, Meers E, Dewispelaere M, Vandecasteele B, Rinklebe J, Tack FMG, Verloo MG (2009) Heavy metal mobility in intertidal sediments of the Scheldt estuary: Field monitoring. Sci. Total. Environ. 407(8): p. 2919–2930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Swedish EPA (2002) Contaminated Sites: Environmental Quality Criteria. Report 5053.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cornell RM, Schwertmann U (1996) The iron oxides: structure, properties, reactions, occurence and uses. Weinheim: VCH Verlagsgesellschaft. 573.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johansson E, Ek K, Norin M, Strömvall AM. (2010) Arsenic contamination after wood impregnation: Speciation, sorption and leaching, in Highway and Urban Environment, S. Rauch, G. Morrison, and A. Monzon, Eds., Springer. p. 287–297.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Environment Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringChalmers University of TechnologyGöteborgSweden

Personalised recommendations