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Lung deposited dose of UFP and PM for cyclists and car passengers in Belgium

  • Luc Int Panis
  • Hanny Willems
  • Bart Degraeuwe
  • Nico Bleux
  • Inge Bos
  • Lotte Jacobs
  • Grégory Vandenbulcke
  • Bas de Geus
  • Romain Meeusen
  • Isabelle Thomas
  • Tim Nawrot
Conference paper
Part of the Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries book series (AGSB, volume 19)

Abstract

Commuter cyclists experience short episodes of high exposure to traffic born air pollution that have potential adverse health effects. We have compared respiratory parameters and exposure to Ultrafine Particles, PM2.5 and PM10 for persons who cycled and drove identical trajectories in three Belgian locations in a pair-wise design. Differences in lung deposited doses are large and consistent across locations. Physical activity significantly increases exposure of cyclists to traffic exhaust. Additional analyses of physiological parameters reveal changes in exhaled NO, serum BDNF and % blood neutrophile cells, but we hypothesize that these effects do not offset the overall health benefits of cycling.

Keywords

Atmospheric Environment Street Canyon Ultrafine Particle Serum BDNF Motorize Traffic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luc Int Panis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hanny Willems
    • 1
  • Bart Degraeuwe
    • 1
  • Nico Bleux
    • 1
  • Inge Bos
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lotte Jacobs
    • 4
  • Grégory Vandenbulcke
    • 5
  • Bas de Geus
    • 3
  • Romain Meeusen
    • 4
  • Isabelle Thomas
    • 5
  • Tim Nawrot
    • 6
    • 4
  1. 1.Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO)MolBelgium
  2. 2.Transportation Research Institute (IMOB)Hasselt UniversityHasseltBelgium
  3. 3.Human Physiology & Sports MedicineVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Unit of Lung ToxicologyKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  5. 5.C.O.R.E. and Dept. of GeographyUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvainBelgium
  6. 6.Centre for Environmental SciencesHasselt UniversityHasseltBelgium

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