The Preparation of the Kona Region Community Development Plan: A Case Study in Visioning and Visualization

Chapter
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Abstract

This case study documents the use of visual simulation in the visioning process in the formulation of the Community Development Plan (CDP) for the Kona Region of Hawaii. The adopted CDP translated the broad goals and policies of Hawaii County’s General Plan into specific actions and priorities for the varied geographies in North and South Kona which included

• design of a land develop code,

• funding for and location of new roads and public transportation,

• green infrastructure,

• water supply and waste treatment infrastructure, and

• affordable housing.

The design of the CDP civic engagement visioning process fully integrated technical analyses and visual simulation which were used to delineate issues, frame choices, and engage the public in making informed decisions. These tools and methods are critical as a large part of the public process, which included workshops and charrettes, was dedicated to the issues of accommodating and locating future growth and the character of new compact development in Hawaii’s fragile natural and native cultural landscape.

Keywords

Visioning/vision planning Visual simulation Civic engagement Community Development Plan Charrettes/workshops Geographic Information Systems/GIS Mapping the Future How we grow Growth Opportunity Area Development pattern 3D real-time digital model Performance Open house Working groups Zoning Village design guidelines Transit-Oriented Development Traditional Neighborhood Design 

References

  1. Alexander C (1966) Notes on the synthesis of form. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  2. Brail RK, Klosterman RE (2005) Planning support systems: integrating geographic information systems, models, and visualization tools, ch. 11 CommunityViz: an integrated planning support system, Bernard and Kwartler. ESRI Press, Redlands, CAGoogle Scholar
  3. Cooper G, Daws G (1990) Land and power in Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HIGoogle Scholar
  4. Gibson JJ (1986) The ecological approach to visual perception. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJGoogle Scholar
  5. Kemmis D (1990) Community and the politics of place. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OKGoogle Scholar
  6. Krampen M (1979) Meaning in the urban environment. Pion Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Kwartler M (1998, March/June) Regulating the good you can’t think of. Urban Des Int 3(1 and 2):13–21, E&F Spon/Routledge London, UKGoogle Scholar
  8. Kwartler M, Longo G (2008) Visioning and visualization: people, pixels, and places Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  9. Lynch K (1960) The image of the city. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  10. Portugali J (1999) Self-organization and the city. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  11. Portugali J (2006) Complex artificial environments: simulation, cognition, and VR in the study and planning of cities. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FAIA, Environmental Simulation CenterNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations