The Future of Cities and Regions

Part of the series Springer Geography pp 173-204


The Preparation of the Kona Region Community Development Plan: A Case Study in Visioning and Visualization

  • Michael KwartlerAffiliated withFAIA, Environmental Simulation Center Email author 

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


This case study documents the use of visual simulation in the visioning process in the formulation of the Community Development Plan (CDP) for the Kona Region of Hawaii. The adopted CDP translated the broad goals and policies of Hawaii County’s General Plan into specific actions and priorities for the varied geographies in North and South Kona which included

• design of a land develop code,

• funding for and location of new roads and public transportation,

• green infrastructure,

• water supply and waste treatment infrastructure, and

• affordable housing.

The design of the CDP civic engagement visioning process fully integrated technical analyses and visual simulation which were used to delineate issues, frame choices, and engage the public in making informed decisions. These tools and methods are critical as a large part of the public process, which included workshops and charrettes, was dedicated to the issues of accommodating and locating future growth and the character of new compact development in Hawaii’s fragile natural and native cultural landscape.


Visioning/vision planning Visual simulation Civic engagement Community Development Plan Charrettes/workshops Geographic Information Systems/GIS Mapping the Future How we grow Growth Opportunity Area Development pattern 3D real-time digital model Performance Open house Working groups Zoning Village design guidelines Transit-Oriented Development Traditional Neighborhood Design