Improved Tensile Performance with Fiber Reinforced Self-compacting Concrete

  • S. Grünewald
  • F. Laranjeira
  • J. Walraven
  • A. Aguado
  • C. Molins
Part of the RILEM State of the Art Reports book series (RILEM, volume 2)


The use of self-compacting concrete (SCC) eliminates the need for compaction, which has benefits related to economic production, the durability, the structural performance and working circumstances. SCC is able to transport fibers which can replace in some structures conventional reinforcement. By taking into account tailor-made concrete characteristics, new fields of structural application can be explored. This paper discusses the potential for an improved performance of fibers in self-compacting concrete. In flexural tests significant differences were observed between conventional and self-compacting concrete at a given fiber type and dosage concerning the variation of results and the flexural performance. Mechanical testing and image studies on concrete cross-sections indicate how the flow influences the performance, the orientation and the distribution of the orientation of fibers. Differences between traditionally compacted and flowable concrete are pointed out.


Fiber Orientation Steel Fiber Flexural Performance Splitting Tensile Strength Steel Fiber Reinforce Concrete 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Swamy, R.N.: Fibre reinforcement of cement and concrete. Materials and Structures 8(45), 235–254 (1975)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rossi, P., Harrouche, N.: Mix Design and Mechanical Behaviour of some Steel-Fibre-Reinforced Concretes used in Reinforced Concrete Structures. Materials and Structures 23, 256–266 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Grünewald, S.: Performance-based design of self-compacting fibre reinforced concrete. PhD-thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft University Press, Department of Structural and Building Engineering (2004); ISBN: 9040724873 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ferrara, L., Park, Y.D., Shah, S.P.: A method for mix-design of fiber reinforced self compacting concrete. Cement and Concrete Research 37, 957–971 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martinie, L., Roussel, N.: Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Materials: From Intrinsic Properties to Fiber Alignment. In: Design, Production and Placement of Self-Consolidating Concrete. Rilem Bookseries, vol. 1, pp. 407–415 (2010); ISBN: 978-90-481-9663-0Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Laranjeira, F.: Design-oriented constitutive model for steel fiber reinforced concrete. PhD-thesis. Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Laranjeira, F., Molins, C., Aguado, A.: Predicting the pullout response of inclined hooked steel fibers. Cement and Concrete Research 40(10), 1471–1487 (2010a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Van Gysel, A.: Studie van het uittrekgedrag van staalvezels ingebed in een cementgebonden matrix met toepassing op staalvezelbeton onderworpen aan buiging, PhD Thesis, Ghent University (2000) (in Flemish) Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kooiman, A.G.: Modelling Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete for Structural Design, PhD-thesis, Department of Structural and Building Engineering. Delft University of Technology (2000) Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Groth, P., Nemegeer, D.: The use of steel fibres in self-compacting concrete. In: Skarendahl, Petersson (eds.) First Int. Symposium on SCC, Stockholm, pp. 497–508. RILEM publications PRO 7, Cachan (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kooiman, A.G.: Schaaleffecten in het nascheurgedrag van staalvezelbeton, Stevin-report 25.5-98-9, Department of Structural and Building Engineering. Delft University of Technology (1998) (in Dutch) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gopalaratnam, V.S., Shah, S.P.: Strength, deformation and fracture toughness of fiber cement composites at different rates of flexural loading. In: Shah, Skarendahl (eds.) Steel Fiber Concrete, US-Sweden Joint Seminar, Stockholm, pp. 299–332. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, New York (1986)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Markovic, I., Grünewald, S., Walraven, J.C., Van Mier, J.G.M.: Characterization of bond between steel fibres and concrete - conventional fibre reinforced versus self-compacting fibre reinforced concrete. In: Third Int. Symposium Bond in Concrete - from research to standards, pp. 520–528. Publishing Company of Budapest University of Technology, Budapest (2002)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Robins, P., Austin, S., Jones, P.: Pull-out behavior of hooked steel fibres. Materials and Structures 35, 434–442 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    De Keukelaere, G.: Studie van de vezelverdeling en de invloed ervan op de mechanische eigenschappen van staalvezelbeton, Master thesis, Laboratory Magnel of Reinforced Concrete. University of Ghent (1993) (in Flemish) Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Laranjeira, F., Grünewald, S., Walraven, J., Blom, C., Molins, C., Aguado, A.: Characterization of the orientation profile of steel fiber reinforced concrete. Journal of Materials and Structures (2010b), doi:10.1617/s11527-010-9686-sGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Grünewald
    • 1
  • F. Laranjeira
    • 2
  • J. Walraven
    • 1
  • A. Aguado
    • 2
  • C. Molins
    • 2
  1. 1.Section of Concrete StructuresDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Construction EngineeringUniversitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations