Lifelong Learning and Life-Wide Work in Precarious Times: Reversing Policy-Making Optics

  • David W. Livingstone
Part of the Springer International Handbooks of Education book series (SIHE, volume 26)


This chapter will argue that researchers and policy-makers on learning and work issues have been looking through the telescope backwards, and focusing narrowly on changes to formal education and training rather than looking at more pertinent larger problems of work reform.


Formal Education Lifelong Learning Informal Learning Household Work Unpaid Work 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bloch, E. (1986). The principle of hope (Vols. 1–3). Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cavanagh, J., & Mander, J. (Eds.). (2004). Alternatives to economic globalization: A better world is possible (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Engestrom, Y., Miettinen, R., & Punamaki, R. L. (Eds.). (1999). Perspectives on activity theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Felstead, A., Gallie, D., Green, F., & Zhou, Y. (2007). Skills at work 1986–2006. Oxford: ESRC Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organizational Performance.Google Scholar
  6. Freire, P. (1974). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Herder & Herder.Google Scholar
  7. Freire, P. (1994). Pedagogy of hope: Reliving pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  8. Geoghegan, V. (2008). Utopianism and Marxism. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  9. Goldin, C., & Katz, L. (2008). The race between education and technology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Harris, J. (1999). Globalization and the technological transformation of capitalism. Race & Class, 40(2/3), 21–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Illich, I. (1971). Deschooling society. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  12. International Labour Office (ILO). (2006). Decent working time: New trends, new issues. Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  13. Knowles, M. (1970). The modern practice of adult education. New York: Association Press.Google Scholar
  14. Kusterer, K. (1978). Know how on the job: The important working knowledge of ‘Unskilled’ workers. Boulder: Westview Press. (Original work published 1982).Google Scholar
  15. Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Laxer, J. (2009). Beyond the bubble: Imagining a new Canadian economy. Toronto: Between the Lines.Google Scholar
  17. Livingstone, D. W. (2004). The education–jobs gap: Underemployment or economic democracy (2nd ed.). Aurora: Garamond Press.Google Scholar
  18. Livingstone, D. W. (2007). Re-exploring the icebergs of adult learning: Comparative findings of the 1998 and 2004 Canadian surveys of formal and informal learning practices. The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 20(2), 1–24.Google Scholar
  19. Livingstone, D. W. (Ed.). (2009). Education and jobs: Exploring the gaps. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  20. Livingstone, D. W. (Ed.). (2010). Lifelong learning in paid and unpaid work: Survey and case study findings. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Livingstone, D. W., & Raykov, M. (2009). Education and jobs survey profile II: Employment conditions, job requirements, workers’ learning and matching by employee class and specific occupational group, Ontario, 2004. In D. W. Livingstone (Ed.), Education and jobs: Exploring the gaps (pp. 103–133). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  22. Livingstone, D. W., & Raykov, M. (2010). WALL papers: Resources from the SSHRC collaborative research initiative on the changing nature of work and lifelong learning in the new economy. Toronto: Centre for the Study of Education and Work.Google Scholar
  23. Livingstone, D. W., & Sawchuk, P. (2004). Hidden knowledge: Organized labour in the information age. Aurora/Lanham: Garamond Press/Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  24. Livingstone, D. W., & Scholtz, A. (2010). Work and learning in the computer era: Basic survey findings. In D. W. Livingstone (Ed.), Lifelong learning in paid and unpaid work: Survey and case study findings. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Livingstone, D. W., Smith, D. E., & Smith, W. (2011, Forthcoming). Manufacturing meltdown: Case studies of recasting steelworkers’ labour and learning. Black Point: Fernwood Publishing.Google Scholar
  26. McKibbon, B. (2010). Earth: Making a life on a tough new planet. Toronto: Knopf Canada.Google Scholar
  27. Polanyi, M. (1966). The tacit dimension. Garden City: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  28. Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  29. Tough, A. (1971). The adult’s learning projects: A fresh approach to theory and practice in adult learning (Research in Education Series No. 1). Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.Google Scholar
  30. Tough, A. (1978). Major learning efforts: Recent research and future directions. Adult Education, 28, 250–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  32. WALL Survey Data Files 2004. Available at
  33. Waring, M. (1988). If women counted: A new feminist economics. San Francisco: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  34. Wright, E. O. (2010). Envisioning real utopias. London: Verso.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Equity StudiesOISE/UTMississaugaCanada

Personalised recommendations