Communities in Tropical Forests: Examples of Cultures and Societies That Depend on the Forests for Their Livelihood and Sustenance
There are some similarities among forests and communities around the world. However, there are also differences that go beyond the types of trees and kinds of vegetation. The main difference lies in how people use the forest. Thus, it is not practical to have a standardized approach to some social forestry problems. In this chapter, three cases of communities in three continents of the developing world are presented. The cases are chosen to illustrate problems in social forestry can have implications in other locales, but is particular to the case area. The first case is about deforestation in the Sudan. It emphasizes why knowing how labor is divided in the household is important. The second case is about the harvest of non-wood forest products (NWFP) in the Philippines. The emphasis is on the local arrangements among indigenous and migrant communities regarding the harvest and sale of NWFP. The third case is about the use of forest resources in Brazil. It is meant to illustrate the multiple uses of the same forests, uses which may conflict with each other.
KeywordsIndigenous People Agroforestry System Forest Resource Indigenous Group Community Forestry
- Duffy G (23 June 2009) Amazon bill controversy in Brazil. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8113952.stm.
- FAO (1989b) Household food security and forestry: an analysis of socio-economic issues. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
- Miele S (1986) Acacia albida and other multipurpose trees on the Fur farmlands in the Jebel Marra highlands, Western Darfur, Sudan. In: Nair PKR (ed) (1989) Agroforestry systems in the tropics. Kluwer Academic Publishers/ICRAF. Dordrecht, pp 353–384Google Scholar
- Seeger A (1982) Native Americans and the conservation of flora and fauna in Brazil. In: Hallworth EG (ed) Socio-economic effects and constraints in tropical forest management. Wiley, Chichester, pp 177–190Google Scholar