Communities in Tropical Forests: Examples of Cultures and Societies That Depend on the Forests for Their Livelihood and Sustenance

  • Celeste Lacuna-Richman
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 11)


There are some similarities among forests and communities around the world. However, there are also differences that go beyond the types of trees and kinds of vegetation. The main difference lies in how people use the forest. Thus, it is not practical to have a standardized approach to some social forestry problems. In this chapter, three cases of communities in three continents of the developing world are presented. The cases are chosen to illustrate problems in social forestry can have implications in other locales, but is particular to the case area. The first case is about deforestation in the Sudan. It emphasizes why knowing how labor is divided in the household is important. The second case is about the harvest of non-wood forest products (NWFP) in the Philippines. The emphasis is on the local arrangements among indigenous and migrant communities regarding the harvest and sale of NWFP. The third case is about the use of forest resources in Brazil. It is meant to illustrate the multiple uses of the same forests, uses which may conflict with each other.


Indigenous People Agroforestry System Forest Resource Indigenous Group Community Forestry 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Forestry School of Forest SciencesUniversity of Eastern Finland (UEF)JoensuuFinland

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