Quality of Age Data at the PUMA Level in the 3-Year Estimates from the American Community Survey

  • Arun Peter Lobo
  • Joseph J. Salvo
Part of the Applied Demography Series book series (ADS, volume 2)


This paper evaluates the utility of 2005–2007 American Community Survey (ACS) age/sex distributions below the county level, focusing on Bronx, New York. For large counties that comprise multiple Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) – areas with at least 100,000 people – PUMA-level estimates are derived using controls by age/sex, race, and Hispanic origin that are determined at the county level but that are used uniformly across all PUMAs within a county. This process improves sampling variance and helps compensate for nonresponse. An important issue in a county like the Bronx, which is heterogeneous racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically, is whether county controls reflect nonresponse among individual PUMAs and whether the age/sex distributions that are a product of this process are useful at the PUMA level.


County Level American Community Survey Decennial Census Hispanic Origin York City Department 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Population DivisionNew York City Department of City PlanningNew YorkUSA

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