Skip to main content

Positive Psychology and Tourism

Part of the International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life book series (IHQL)

Abstract

Positive psychology is a growing, global research field of psychology that has flourished in the last decade, but its tourism applications are underexplored. Researchers in positive psychology investigate topics such as well-being, happiness, optimism, humour, positive emotions, character strengths and similar topics that broadly relate to quality-of-life research. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a detailed introduction of positive psychology to the tourism reader, to identify and analyse specific research linkages and present key challenges for the future development of positive psychology and tourism research. Three linkages are highlighted: (1) positive psychology research on happiness and its use in conceptualising and measuring fulfilling, happy tourist experiences; (2) positive psychology character strengths and their potential to embellish global tourism education values and (3) positive psychology research on humour and its value in promoting a productive tourism workplace. The incipient linkages therefore relate to a variety of tourism contexts – tourists and their experiences, tourism workers and managers and tourism students and educators. Two key challenges for future development of tourism and positive psychology research are presented: (1) challenges of overcoming insularity (the need to reach out and learn from other fields and disciplines, to further embrace non-Western perspectives and adopt a greater array of research methods) and (2) challenges of connecting with health (the need to integrate subjective benefits of tourism and positive psychology with physical health indicators to better explain optimal human functioning). The chapter ends with a brief synthesis and a call for future research.

Keywords

  • Life Satisfaction
  • Positive Psychology
  • Character Strength
  • Tourist Experience
  • Tourism Research

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2288-0_3
  • Chapter length: 20 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   349.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-2288-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   449.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   449.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Adler, A. (1927). The practice and theory of individual psychology. New York: Harcourt.

    Google Scholar 

  • Alexander, Z. (2010). Study and research: The effect of voluntourism (volunteer tourism) on the volunteer (the self). Available: http://www.voluntourism.org/news-studyandresearch52.htm

  • Aspinwall, L. G., & Staudinger, U. M. (Eds.). (2003). A psychology of human strengths: Fundamental questions and future directions for a positive psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ateljevic, I., Pritchard, A., & Morgan, N. (Eds.). (2007). The critical turn in tourism studies: Innovative research methodologies. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

    Google Scholar 

  • Atkinson, P. A., Martin, C. R., & Rankin, J. (2009). Resilience revisited. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 16(2), 137–145.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Australian Positive Psychology Association. (2008). Association’s website. Available: http://www.psych.usyd.edu.au/coach/appa/index.htm

  • Bacigalupe, G. (2001). Is positive psychology only white psychology? American Psychologist, 56(1), 82–83.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ball, S., & Johnson, K. (2000). Humour in commercial hospitality settings. In C. Lashley & A. Morrison (Eds.), In search of hospitality: Theoretical perspectives and debates (pp. 199–216). Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bandura, A. (1989). Self-regulation motivation and action through internal standards and goal systems. In L. Pervin (Ed.), Goal concepts in personality and social psychology (pp. 19–85). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baum, T. (2007). Human resources in tourism: Still waiting for change. Tourism Management, 28(6), 1383–1399.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Benckendorff, P., Edwards, D., Jurowski, C., Liburd, J., Miller G., & Moscardo, G. (2009). Exploring the future of tourism and quality of life. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9, 171–183. https://secure.palgrave-journals.com/thr/journal/v9/n2/abs/thr20097a.html – note6#note6

  • Ben-Shahar, T. (2007). Happier. Maidenhead: McGraw Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  • Biswas-Diener, R., & Dean, B. (2007). Positive psychology coaching: Putting the science of happiness to work for your clients. Hoboken: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological wellbeing. Chicago: Aldine.

    Google Scholar 

  • Branson, R. (2006). Screw it, let’s do it: Lessons in life (quick reads). London: Virgin Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bryman, A. (2004). The disneyization of society. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Christopher, J. C., & Hickinbottom, S. (2008). Positive psychology, ethnocentrism, and the disguised ideology of individualism. Theory and Psychology, 18(5), 563–589.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Csikszentmihalyi, I. S. (2006). A life worth living: Contributions to positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Diener, E. (1984). Subjective wellbeing. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542–575.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2008). Happiness: Unlocking the mysteries of psychological wealth. Hoboken: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Beyond money: Towards an economy of wellbeing. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 5, 1–31.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective wellbeing: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276–302.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Drake, D., Pratt, J. B., Rogers, A. K., Santayana, G., Sellars, R. W., Strong, C. A., & Lovejoy, A. (1920). Essays in critical realism. New York: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duckworth, L. A., Steen, T. A., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Positive psychology in clinical practice. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 629–651.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • ENPP. (2010). European network for positive psychology. Available: http://www.le.ac.uk/pc/aa/pal/enpp/main.html

  • Filep, S. (2007). ‘Flow’, sightseeing, satisfaction and personal development: Exploring relationships via positive psychology. In Proceedings of 2007 Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education (CAUTHE): Tourism – Past Achievements, Future Challenges, 11–14 February. Sydney: University of Technology, Sydney and the University of New South Wales.

    Google Scholar 

  • Filep, S. (2008). Applying the dimensions of flow to explore visitor engagement and satisfaction. Visitor Studies, 11(1), 90–108.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Filep, S. (2009). Tourists’ happiness through the lens of positive psychology. PhD thesis, James Cook University, Townsville.

    Google Scholar 

  • Filep, S., & Deery, M. (2010). Towards a Picture of Tourists’ Happiness. Tourism Analysis, 15(4), 399–410.

    Google Scholar 

  • Flax, J. (1992). The end of innocence. In J. Butler & J. W. Scott (Eds.), Feminists theorize the political (pp. 445–463). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frankl, V. E. (1984). Man’s search for meaning. New York: Washington Square Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218–226.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Freud, S. (1933). The psychology of women. In J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 22, p. 3). London: Hogarth Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 103–110.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerson, E. M. (1976). On quality of life. American Sociological Review, 41, 793–806.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gilbert, D., & Abdullah, J. (2004). Holidaytaking and the sense of wellbeing. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(1), 103–121.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gill, A. M. (2000). From growth machine to growth management: The dynamics of resort development in Whistler, British Columbia. Environment and Planning A, 32, 1083–1103.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gill, A. M. (2004). Tourism communities and growth management. In A. A. Lew, C. M. Hall, & A. M. Williams (Eds.), A companion to tourism (pp. 569–583). Oxford: Blackwell.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gill, A. M., & Reed, M. (1997). Tourism, recreational and amenity values in land allocation: An analysis of institutional arrangements in the postproductivist era. Environment and Planning A, 29, 2019–2040.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gillespie, B., Chaboyer, W., & Wallis, M. (2007). Development of a theoretically derived model of resilience through concept analysis. Contemporary Nurse, 25, 124–135.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Groff, R. (2004). Critical realism, post-positivism and the possibility of knowledge. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gump, B., & Matthews, K. (2000). Are vacations good for your health? The 9-year mortality experience after the multiple risk intervention trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 608–612.

    Google Scholar 

  • Happiness and Its Causes. (2009). Conference website. Available: http://www.happinessanditscauses.com.au/

  • Headey, B., Schupp, J., Tucci, I., & Wagner, G. G. (2010). Authentic happiness theory supported by impact of religion on life satisfaction: A longitudinal analysis with data for Germany. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 73–82.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Held, B. S. (2004). The negative side of positive psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 44, 9–46.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • International Positive Psychology Association. (2008). Association’s website. Available: http://www.ippanetwork.org/

  • Jafari, J. (2005). Bridging out, nesting afield: Powering a new platform. Journal of Tourism Studies, 16(2), 1–20.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jahoda, M. (1958). Current concepts of positive mental health. New York: Basic Books.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jung, C. G. (1955). Synchronicity: An acausal connecting principle. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kahneman, D. (1999). Objective happiness. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Wellbeing: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 1–25). New York: Russell Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.). (1999). Wellbeing: The foundations of hedonic psychology. New York: Russell Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kazarian, S. S., & Martin, R. A. (2004). Humor styles, personality, and wellbeing among Lebanese university students. European Journal of Personality, 18, 209–219.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Keyes, C. L. M., & Haidt, J. (Eds.). (2003). Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well lived. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kler, B., & Tribe, J. (in press). Flourishing through SCUBA: Understanding the pursuit of dive experiences. Tourism in Marine Environments, Special Edition Scuba diving: Exploring issues of its system, 7(4).

    Google Scholar 

  • Kubzhansky, L. D., & Thurston, R. (2007). Emotional vitality and incident coronary heart disease. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, 1393–1401.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kubzansky, L. D., Sparrow, D., Vokonas, P., & Kawachi, I. (2001). Is the glass half empty or half full? A prospective study of optimism and coronary heart disease in the normative aging study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 910–916.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lane, R. E. (1994). Quality of life and quality of persons. A new role for government? Political Theory, 22, 219–252.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Langlotz, A. (2008). The creative construction of social orientation-situated positioning with English as lingua franca. In H. Pishwa (Ed.), Language and social cognition (pp. 31–42). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Levitt, A. J., Hogan, T. P., & Bucosky, C. M. (1990). Quality of life in chronically mentally ill patients in day treatment. Psychological Medicine, 20(3), 703–710.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Linley, P. A., & Joseph, S. (Eds.). (2004). Positive psychology in practice. Hoboken: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Linley, P. A., Joseph, S., Harrington, S., & Wood, A. M. (2006). Positive psychology: Past, present and (possible) future. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(1), 3–16.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Linley, P. A., Harrington, S., & Page, N. (2009). The Oxford handbook of positive psychology and work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez, J., & Potter, G. (2001). After postmodernism: An introduction to critical realism. London: The Athlone Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez, S. J., & Snyder, C. R. (Eds.). (2004). Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lyubomirsky, S. (2007). The how of happiness: A scientific approach to getting the life you want. New York: Penguin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Marks, G. N., & Fleming, N. (1999). Influences and consequences of wellbeing. Among Australian young people: 1980–1995. Social Indicators Research, 46, 301–323.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Martin, R. A. (2001). Humor, laughter and physical health: Methodological issues and research findings. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 504–519.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Martin, R. A. (2007). The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. Burlington: Elsevier Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological wellbeing: Development of the humor styles questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 48–75.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Row.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miller, J. G. (2004). The cultural deep structure of psychological theories of social development. In R. J. Sternberg & E. L. Grigorenko (Eds.), Culture and competence: Contexts of life success (pp. 111–138). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mitas, O. (2010). Staff details: Schreyer Institute for Teaching Excellence. Available: http://www.schreyerinstitute.psu.edu/StaffDetail/?view=oxm110

  • Musschenga, A. W. (1994). Quality of life and handicapped people. In L. Nordenfelt (Ed.), Concepts and measurement of quality of life in health care (pp. 181–198). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nawijn, J. (2009). The holiday happiness curve: A preliminary investigation into mood during a holiday abroad. International Journal of Tourism Research. doi:10.1002/jtr.1756.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nawijn, J., Miquelle, A., Marchand, M. A., Veenhoven, R., & Vingerhoets, A. J. (2010). Vacationers happier, but most not happier after a holiday. Applied Research in Quality of Life. doi:10.1007/s11482-009-9091-9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Noy, C. (2004). Israeli backpackers: Narrative, interpersonal communication, and social construction. In C. Noy & E. Cohen (Eds.), Israeli backpackers and their society: A view from afar. New York: University of New York Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Obenour, W., Patterson, M., Pedersen, P., & Pearson, L. (2006). Conceptualisation of a meaning-based research approach for tourism service experiences. Tourism Management, 27(1), 34–41.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ong, A. D., & van Dulmen, M. H. M. (Eds.). (2007). Oxford handbook of methods in positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Page, S. (2010). Leisure: An introduction. Essex: AddisonWesley Longman Ltd.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paton, D. (2006). Critical incident stress in police officers: Managing resilience and vulnerability. Traumatology, 12, 198–206.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pearce, P. L. (1982). The social psychology of tourist behaviour. New York: Pergamon Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pearce, P. L. (2009a). The relationship between positive psychology and tourist behaviour studies. Tourism Analysis, 14(1), 37–48.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pearce, P. L. (2009b). Now that is funny: Humour in tourism settings. Annals of Tourism Research, 36(4), 627–644.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pearce, P., Filep, S., & Ross, G. (2011). Tourists, tourism and the good life. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peterson, C. (2006). A primer in positive psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Positive Psychology Centre. (2010). Centre’s website. Available: http://www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu/

  • Positive Psychology Centre in Asia. (2010). Centre’s website. Available: http://www.positivepsyche.org/

  • Reivich, K., & Shatte, A. (2003). The resilience factor: 7 ways to finding your inner strength and overcoming life’s hurdles. New York: Broadway.

    Google Scholar 

  • Resnick, S., Warmoth, A., & Selin, I. A. (2001). The humanistic psychology and positive psychology connection: Implications for psychotherapy. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 41(1), 73–101.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ross, G. (1994). The psychology of tourism. Melbourne: Hospitality Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rutter, M. (2007). Resilience, competence and coping. Child Abuse and Neglect, 31, 205–209.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ryan, C., Gu, H., & Wei, Z. (2009). The context of Chinese tourism: An overview and implications for research. In C. Ryan & H. Gu (Eds.), Tourism in China (pp. 327–337). New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ryff, C. D. (2003). Corners of myopia in the positive psychology parade. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 153–159.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seligman, M. E. P. (2008). Positive health. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 3–18.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Flourish. Sydney: Random House.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5–14.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Seligman, M. E. P., Steen, T., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410–421.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sen, A. (1992). Capability and wellbeing. In A. Sen & M. Nussbaum (Eds.), The quality of life (pp. 30–53). Oxford: Clarendon.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shapiro, S. (2001). Illogical positivism. American Psychologist, 56(1), 89–90.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sheldon, P. (2008, April 11–14). Summary: Towards a framework for values-based tourism curricula. Paper presented at the TEFI II Summit, School of Travel Industry Management, University of Hawaii, Hawaii.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sheldon, K. M., & Kasser, T. (2001). Goals, congruence and positive wellbeing: new empirical support for humanistic theories. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 41(1), 30–50.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sirgy, M. J. (2009). Toward a quality-of-life theory of leisure travel satisfaction. Journal of Travel Research. doi:10.1177/0047287509337416.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sirgy, M. J., Michalos, A. C., Ferriss, A. L., Easterlin, R. A., Patrick, D., & Pavot, W. (2006). The Quality-of-Life (QOL) research movement: Past, present, and future. Social Indicators Research, 76(3), 343–466.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, M., & Pucskó, L. (2008). Health and wellness tourism. Oxford: Elsevier.

    Google Scholar 

  • Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.). (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. London: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stallings, M. C., Dunham, C. C., Gatz, M., Baker, L. A., & Bengtson, V. L. (1997). Relationships among life events and psychological wellbeing more evidence for a two-factor theory of wellbeing. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 16, 104–119.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sternberg, R. J. (1985). Beyond IQ. New York: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Strickland-Munro, J. K., Allison, H. E., & Moore, S. A. (2010). Using resilience concepts to investigate the impacts of protected area tourism on communities. Annals of Tourism Research. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2009.11.001.

    Google Scholar 

  • The Boston Globe. (2006). Harvard’s crowded course to happiness: ‘Positive psychology’ draws students in droves. Available: http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2006/03/10/harvards_crowded_course_to_happiness/

  • The New Zealand Association of Positive Psychology. (2008). Association’s website. http://www.nzapp.co.nz/page1.aspx

  • Tribe, J. (2008). Tourism: A critical business. Journal of Travel Research, 46(3), 245–255.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Tribe, J. (2009). Tribes, territories and networks. Annals of Tourism Research. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2009.05.001.

    Google Scholar 

  • University of East London. (2007). Positive psychology, wellbeing and business: Cutting-edge science for organisational success conference. Available: http://www.uel.ac.uk/positiveconference/

  • Van Boven, L., & Ashworth, L. (2007). Looking forward, looking back: Anticipation is more evocative than retrospection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136(2), 289–300.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veal, A. J. (2005). Business research methods: A managerial approach. Frenchs Forest: Pearson Education Australia.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veenhoven, R. (1996). Happy life-expectancy. Social Indicators Research, 39, 1–58.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veenhoven, R. (2000). The four qualities of life. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 1–39.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veenhoven, R. (2004, February 18–20). Gross national happiness and development. In U. Karma & G. Karma (Ed.), Proceedings of the First International Seminar on ‘Operationalization of Gross National Happiness’ (pp. 287–318). Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan Studies.

    Google Scholar 

  • Veenhoven, R. (2010). Homepage. Available: http://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/

  • Voigt, C. (2010). Understanding wellness tourism: An analysis of benefits sought, health-promoting behaviours and positive psychological wellbeing. PhD thesis project overview. Available: http://www.crctourism.com.au/WMS/Upload/Resources/other%20pdfs/Template_completion_report_CVOIGT.doc

  • Wall, G. (2000). Humour in tourism. In J. Jafari (Ed.), Encyclopedia of tourism (p. 291). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Walsh, R. (2001). Positive psychology: East and west. American Psychologist, 56(1), 83–84.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Walsh, N. (2010). Unpublished research project proposal: The performance of humour in the tourism experience; a cultural analysis of the (narrated and embodied) act of humour in the tourism experience of rural Australia. Melbourne: Swinburne University of Technology.

    Google Scholar 

  • Waterman, A. S., Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Ravert, R. D., Williams, M. K., Agocha, V. B., Kim, S. Y., & Donnellan, M. B. (2010). The questionnaire for eudaimonic wellbeing; psychometric properties, demographic comparisons and evidence of validity. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 41–61.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, W. (1967). Correlates of avowed happiness. Psychological Bulletin, 67, 294–306.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Winner, E. (2000). The origins and ends of giftedness. American Psychologist, 55(1), 159–169.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wood, R. (1997). Working in hotels and catering (2nd ed.). London: International Thomson.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wu, J. (2010). Pleasure and meaning: The two foundations of happiness. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 5, 79–80.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sebastian Filep .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Filep, S. (2012). Positive Psychology and Tourism. In: Uysal, M., Perdue, R., Sirgy, M. (eds) Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research. International Handbooks of Quality-of-Life. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2288-0_3

Download citation