Recent Issues of Cost and Fee Allocation in Japanese Civil Procedure

  • Manabu Wagatsuma
Part of the Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice book series (IUSGENT, volume 11)


Little attention has been given to litigation costs and attorney fees in Japan because these are thought to be technical issues. But litigation costs and fees are considered a serious barrier to low-income parties’ access to justice. In particular, the question whether or not attorney fees should be included in the reimbursable cost of litigation is one of the most controversial issues in Japanese reform debates about civil litigation.


Supra Note District Court Civil Procedure Litigation Cost Shiftable Cost 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tokyo Metropolitan Law SchoolTokyoJapan

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