Geochemistry of Bottled Waters of Serbia

  • Tanja Petrović
  • Milena Zlokolica Mandić
  • Nebojša Veljković
  • Petar Papić
  • Jana Stojković
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


Chemical analyses of 13 bottled mineral waters were carried out at the BGR geochemical laboratories. The analyses included pH, electrical conductivity, alkalinity and concentrations of 69 elements and ions. An aquifer lithology impacts on the chemical composition of ground water significantly, especially on the explanation of conditions of forming and circulation of ground water through different lithology environments. Basic composition of ground water is usually a reflection of the lithogeochemistry of the aquifer, while micro components indicate the circulation of ground water through the different lithological environment. The waters are most frequently tapped from Neogene carbonate rocks (dolomite, limestone), and to a lesser extent from granitoid rocks, shale, and serpentinite. Based on the analyses of bottled mineral waters, it has been observed that water quality is greatly affected by the chemical composition of igneous intrusions, regardless of the fact that the analysed waters have been sampled from different aquifers (Neogene sediments, limestone, flysch, schist). Bottled waters of Serbia are mostly HCO3-Ca, HCO3-Ca-Mg (from carbonate rocks) and HCO3-Na (from Neogene and igneous rocks). Among the micro components, increased concentrations of Cs, Ge, Rb, Li, and F are frequently present in bottled water, as a consequence of its circulation through granitoid rocks. Some samples contain a higher concentration of B, I, NH4, Tl, W, as the consequence of the aquifer environment.


Ground Water Mineral Water Bottle Water Thermal Water Pannonian Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Birke M, Reimann C, Demetriades A, Rauch U, Lorenz H, Harazim B, and Glatte W (2010) Determination of major and trace elements in European bottled mineral water-analytical methods. In: Birke M, Demetriades A, and De Vivo B (Guest eds), Mineral Waters of Europe. Special Issue, J Geochem Exploration 107(3):217–226Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bjorvatn K, Bardsen A, Thorkildsen AH, Sand K (1994) Fluorid i norsk grunn-vann en ukjent helsefaktor. (Fluoride in Nonvegian drinking water an un-known health factor in Nonvegian). Vann 2:120–128Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cederstorm DJ (1946) Genesis of groundwater in the coastally plain of Virginia. Environ Geology 41:218–245Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chae GT, Yun ST, Mayer B, Kim KH, Kim SY, Kwon JS, Kim K, Koh YK (2007) Fluorine geochemistry in bedrock groundwater of South Korea. Sci of Total Environ 385(1–3):272–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cicchella D, Albanese S, De Vivo B, Dinelli E, Giaccio L, Lim A, and Valera P (2010) Trace elements and ions in Italian bottles mineral waters: identification of anomalous values and human health related effects. In: Birke M Demetriades A, and B De Vivo (Guest eds) Mineral Waters of Europe. Special Issue, J Geochem Exploration 107(3):336–349Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D’Amore F, Scandiffio G, Panichi C (1983) Some observations on the chemical classification of ground waters. Geothermics 12(2/3):141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    DHaese PC, Lambert LV, De Broe M (2004) Silicon. In: Merian E, Anke M, Ihnat M, Stoeppler M (eds) Elements and their compounds in the environment, 2nd edn. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, Weinheim, pp 1273–1284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dangić A, Protić D (1995) Geochemistry of mineral and thermal waters of Serbia: content and distribution of fluorine. Radovi Geoinstituta, Knjiga 31:315–323 (Serbian, with English summary)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dangić A, Rakočević P (1993) Mineral water containing unusual high concentration of boron. Kremna Basin in Western Serbia, Yugoslavia. Radovi Geoinstituta, knjiga 28:107–112 (Serbian, with English summary)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    EU (1998) EU directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption. Off J Eur Commun L330: 32–54 05/12/1998Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    EU (2003) EU Directive 2003/40/EC of 16 May 2003 establishing the list, concentration limits and labelling requirements for the constituents of natural mineral waters and the conditions for using ozone-enriched air for the treatment of natural mineral waters and spring waters. Official Journal of the European Union L126/34 22/05/2003Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    EU (2009) EU Directive 2009/54/EC of the European parliament and of the council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters. Official Journal of the European Union L164/45 26/06/2009Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hem JD (1985) Study and interpretation of the chemical characteristics of natural water, vol 2254, 2nd edn. United States Geological Survey Water Supply Paper, Washington, DC, p 129Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Krajnov SR, Švec VM (1987) Geochimija podzemnych vod chozjajstvenno-pit’evogo naznacenija, vol 235. Nedra, MoskvaGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Landegrin S (1974) Vanadium. In: Wedephol KH (ed) Handbook of geochemistry, vol II-2. Springer, Berlin, 2311Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Leko M (1901) Hemijsko ispitivanje mineralnih voda u Kraljevini Srbiji. Srpska Kraljevska Akademija, Spomenik, XXXV, Prvi razred, 5:103–157, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Leko M, Ščerbakov A, and Joksimović H (1922) Lekovite vode i klimatska mesta u Kraljevini Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca sa balneološkom kartom, Ministarstvo narodnog zdravlja, Beograd, pp 141–143Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Martinović M, Milivojević M (2010) Serbia Country Update, Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Bali, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Milivojević M, Perić M (1990) Studija: geotermalna potencijalnost teritorije SR Srbije van teritorija SAP. Rudarsko-geološki fakultet, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Misund A, Frengstad B, Siewers U, Reimann C (1999) Variation of 66 elements in European bottled mineral waters. Sci of Total Environ 243(244):21–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Official Gazette of SFRJ volume 34/79. Regulation on the classification and categorization of groundwater reserves and keeping a data monitoringGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Official Gazette of FRY volume 42/98. Regulation on the hygienic acceptability of potable waterGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Official Gazette of FRY volume 44/99. Regulation on the hygienic acceptability of potable waterGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Official Gazette of Serbia and Montenegro, volume 53/05 Regulation on quality and other requirements for natural mineral water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking WaterGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Official Gazette of RS, volume 92/2008. Regulation on way of determination and maintenance of sanitary protection of water supply springs zoneGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Papić P, Krešić N (1990) Specific chemical composition of karst ground water in the Ophiolite belt of the Inner Dinarides in Yugoslavia a case for covered karsts. J Environ Geol Water Sci XV(2):131–135Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Papić P (1993) Migracija fluora u mineralnim vodama Srbije. Rudarsko geološki fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Magistarska tezaGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Petrović T, Zlokolica-Mandić M, Veljković N, Vidojević D (2010) Hydrogeological conditions for the forming and quality of mineral waters in Serbia. In: Birke M, Demetriades A, De Vivo B (Guest eds) Mineral waters of Europe. Special Issue, J Geochem Exploration, 107(3):373–381Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pokrajac S, Arsenijević M (1977) Hidrohemijska studija termomineralnih voda Socijalističke Republike Srbije. Institut za geološka i rudarska, nuklearna i druga mineralna istraživanja, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Protić D (1988) Zakonomernost raspodele mikroelemenata u mineralnim vodama SR Srbije. Magistarska teza, Rudarsko geološki fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu Protić D (1993) Geochemical models of thermal water resources in paleovolcanic calderas of Serbian territory, PhD thesis, Faculty of Mining and Geology, University of Belgrade, (Serbian, with English abstract)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Protić DM (1995) Mineralne i termalne vode Srbije. Geoinstitut, Posebna izdanja, knjiga 17, Fond stručne dokumentacije Geoinstituta, BeogradGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reimann C, and Birke M (Eds.) (2010) Geochemistry of European bottled water. Borntraeger Science Publishers, Stuttgart, 268 pp. Available online at: Last accessed on 18 April 2011
  33. 33.
    Samek K (2004) Unknown quantity: the bottled water industry and Florida’s springs. J of Land Use 19(2):569–595Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Salminen R, (Chief-editor) Batista MJ, Bidovec M, Demetriades A, De Vivo B, De Vos W, Duris M, Gilucis A, Gregorauskiene V, Halamic J, Heitzmann P, Lima A, Jordan G, Klaver G, Klein P, Lis J, Locutura J, Marsina K, Mazreku A, O’Connor PJ, Olsson SÅ, Ottesen RT, Petersell V, Plant JA, Reeder S, Salpeteur I, Sandström H, Siewers U, Steenfelt A, Tarvainen T (2005) geochemical atlas of Europe, Part 1: Background information, methodology and maps. Geological Survey of Finland, Espoo, 526 pp. Available online at: Last accessed on 18 April 2011
  35. 35.
    Srećković-Batočanin D, Vasković N, Matović V, Erić S (2010) Relics of the ocean crust at the Fruška Gora Mountain Gabbros and Basalts in the Jazak Locality. Proceedings 15th congress of the geologist of Serbia, Belgrade, pp 25–36Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Teofilović M (1998) Banjske i mineralne stone vode – njihov značaj za život i ekologiju čoveka. Ecologica, vol 5, br 4Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Teofilović M (1998) Mineralne, termalne i termomineralne voda. Ecologica, vol 5, br 1Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Vujanović V, Teofilović M, Arsenijević M (1971) Regional study of basic geological, geochemical and genetical properties of mineral waters and spas in Serbia and Autonomous Province Vojvodina. Radovi Geoinstituta, Beograd, Serbian, with English summaryGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Vujanović V, Teofilović M (1980) Problems of geochemistry and genesis of mineral water of Serbia. Radovi Geoinstituta 14(20):123–141 (Serbian, with English abstract)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Vujanović V, Teofilović M (1983) Banjske i mineralne vode Srbije. Privredna knjiga, Gornji MilanovacGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    WHO (2006) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. First Addendum to 3rd edn, vol 1 Recommendation. Geneva, p 595Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Zlokolica-Mandić M (1998) Structural-Tectonic Elements as a Factor in Cave Development. In: Djurovic P (ed) Speleological Atlas of Serbia. Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, BelgradeGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zlokolica-Mandić M, Papić P (2010) Hidrohemijski atlas podzemnih voda -I faza.Geološki institute Srbije i Rudarsko-geološki fakultet, Univerzitet u BeograduGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanja Petrović
    • 1
  • Milena Zlokolica Mandić
    • 1
  • Nebojša Veljković
    • 2
  • Petar Papić
    • 3
  • Jana Stojković
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological Institute of SerbiaBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Ministry of Environment ProtectionSerbian Environmental Protection AgencyBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Faculty of Mining and GeologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

Personalised recommendations