Large and Intact Forests: Drivers and Inhibitors of Deforestation and Forest Degradation

  • Benjamin Blom
  • Ian Cummins
  • Mark S. Ashton


We examine the political, economic, geographic, and biophysical reasons for the presence of the remaining large and intact forests of the world. We discuss why these forests remain relatively undisturbed, and analyze current drivers of deforestation and degradation. Such forests are primarily in boreal (northern Eurasia and Canada) and tropical (South America and Central Africa) regions and are the main focus of this paper because of their disproportionate role in sequestering carbon and in influencing regional and potentially global climate. We conclude with recommendations for policymakers to help incorporate these forests and their carbon stocks into initiatives designed to mitigate the damaging effects of global climate change.


Foreign Investment Land Tenure Amazon Basin Resource Extraction Forest Degradation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bureau of Land ManagementUSDAWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Forest Carbon LtdBaliIndonesia
  3. 3.Yale School of Forestry & Environmental StudiesNew HavenUSA

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