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Sustainable Ecological Sanitation System

  • Ma Wenlin
  • Liu Jianwei
  • Zhang Junzhi
  • Dai Shuiwen
  • Zhang Qi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 113)

Abstract

For traditional drainage system used in city and town, there are high consumptions of water and energy, but nutrient and water resource were lost. For widely undeveloped countries and regions, there was lack of sanition. Ecological sanitation (Ecosan) system was built based on that domestic sewage and waste material contained in it were regarded as carriers of resources and energy. It was in accordance with the current economic strategy model of sustainable development. The common features of ecosan system are simply treatment ways, nutrients recycling and water recycling. Eco-toilet is main technological unit of the narrow sense of ecosan, which was fit for low population density of areas and most of them were built in rural villages. The general sense of ecosan system is a modification to traditional drainage system used in city and town, which was fit for developed economic level and high population density of areas. In the end, the development trend of ecosan system was forecasted.

Keywords

Ecosan system Theoretical basis Concept Classification Development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Supported by the Science and Technology Ministry (2009BAC57B0405), and Beijing Academic Innovation Group in Urban Stormwater System and Water Environmental Eco-Technologies (PHR201106124).

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma Wenlin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liu Jianwei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhang Junzhi
    • 1
  • Dai Shuiwen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhang Qi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Urban Stormwater System and Water EnvironmentBeijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Ministry of EducationBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringBeijing University of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureBeijingChina

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