Advertisement

Governance, Public Management and Administration of Higher Education in Portugal

  • António M. Magalhães
  • Rui Santiago
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter identifies higher education governance models in Portugal over the past three decades. Public management and public administration perspectives show how governance models have unfolded against the general development of the Portuguese higher education system as a whole.

The analysis is based on the assumption that attention must be paid to the continual repositioning of higher education within the public sector, if a deeper understanding of the alterations and changes in its governing and governance models is to be had. It covers five phases: the years before the 1974 Democratic Revolution; the Days of Revolution (1974–1976); the Period of Normalisation (1976–1986); the Decade of Massification (1986–1996) and the Rise of Managerialism (1996–present).

Governance in Portuguese higher education has shifted from a state-centred model towards institutional governance. Its redefinition was driven, at least in part, by criticism levelled against “welfarism”, against its administrative and managerial features, the impact of globalisation and the celebration of the so-called new governance paradigm.

Keywords

High Education High Education Institution Public Administration Academic Staff Public Management 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Amaral, A. (Ed.) (2003). Avaliação, Revisão e consolidação da Legislação do Ensino Superior. Matosinhos: CIPES.Google Scholar
  2. Amaral, A., & Carvalho, T. (2003). Autonomy and change in Portuguese higher education. In Observatory for Fundamental University Values and Rights (Ed.), Case studies: Academic freedom and university institutional responsibility in Portugal. Bologna: Bononia University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Amaral, A., Correia, F., Magalhães, A., Rosa, M., Santiago, R., & Teixeira, P. (2000). O ensino superior pela mão da economia. Matosinhos: CIPES.Google Scholar
  4. Amaral, A., & Magalhães, A. (2001). On markets, autonomy and regulation: The Janus-Head revisited. Higher Education Policy, 14, 7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amaral, A., Magalhães, A., & Teixeira, P. (1996). Management structure in the European Union and South African higher education systems. Porto: University of Porto.Google Scholar
  6. Amaral, A., Magalhães, A., & Santiago, R. (2003). The rise of academic managerialism in Portugal. In A. V. Amaral, V. L. Meek, & I. M. Larsen (Eds.), The higher education managerial revolution? (pp. 131–153). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bleiklei, I., & Kogan, M. (2007). Organisation and governance of universities. Higher Education Policy, 20(4), 477–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cardoso, A. H. (1989). A Universidade e o Poder Autonómico. Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, 27(28), 125–145.Google Scholar
  9. Carvalho, R. (1986). História do Ensino em Portugal. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.Google Scholar
  10. Carvalho, T. (2009). Nova Gestão Pública e Reformas da Saúde: o profissionalismo numa encruzilhada. Lisbon: Edições Sílabo.Google Scholar
  11. Carvalho, T., & Santiago, R. (2007). Still academics after all. Paper presented at the SRHE annual conference, Brighton, 11–13 December 2007.Google Scholar
  12. Carvalho, T., & Santiago, R. (2009). NPM and ‘middle management’: How deans influence institutional policies. In V. L. Meek, L. Goedegbuure, R. Santiago, & T. Carvalho (Eds.), Changing deans:Higher education middle management in an international perspective. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Clark, B. R. (1983). The higher education system: Academic organisation in cross-national perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cohen, M. D., March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1972). A garbage can model of organisational choice. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17(1), 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Crespo, V. (1993). Uma Universidade para os Anos 2000: O Ensino Superior numa Perspectiva de Futuro. Lisbon: Editorial Inquérito.Google Scholar
  16. Ferlie, E., Musselin, C., & Andresani, G. (2009). The governance of higher education systems: A public management perspective. In C. Paradise, E. Reale, I. Bleiklie, & E. Ferlie (Eds.), University governance: Western European comparative perspectives (pp. 1–20). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Gallagher, M. (2001). Modern University Governance – A national perspective. Paper presented at the conference on the idea of a University: Enterprise or Academy? The Australia Institute and Manning Clark House, Canberra, 21st July.Google Scholar
  18. Lima, L. (1998). Universidade Portuguesa: Notas Sobre a Crise Institucional. In M. C. Morosini (Ed.), Mercosul/Mercosur: Políticas e Ações Universitárias. Porto Alegre: Editora da Universidade.Google Scholar
  19. Magalhães, A. M. (2004). A Identidade do Ensino Superior: Política Conhecimento e Educação numa Era de Transição. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian/FCT.Google Scholar
  20. Magalhães, A. M., & Amaral, A. (2009). Mapping out discourses on higher education governance. In J. Huisman (Ed.), International perspectives on the governance of higher education: alternative frameworks for coordination (pp. 182–197). London: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  21. Marques, A. (1981). História de Portugal (Vol. III). Lisbon: Palas Editores.Google Scholar
  22. Moreira, V. (2008). O Estatuto Legal das Instituições de Ensino Superior. In A. Amaral (Ed.), Políticas de Ensino Superior: quatro temas em debate. Lisbon: Conselho Nacional de Educação.Google Scholar
  23. Neave, G. (1988a). Recent trends in European higher education. European Journal of Education, 23(1–2).Google Scholar
  24. Neave, G. (1988b). On the cultivation of quality. Efficiency and enterprise: An overview of recent trends in higher education in Western Europe. European Journal of Education, 23(1–2), 7–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Neave, G. (1998). The evaluative state reconsidered. European Journal of Education, 33(3), 265–284.Google Scholar
  26. Neave, G. (2007). From Guardian to Overseer: Trends in Institutional Autonomy, Governance and Leadership. Paper presented at the conference organised by the Conselho Nacional de Educação on the Legal Status of Higher Education Institutions – Autonomy, Responsibility and Governance, Lisbon, February 2007.Google Scholar
  27. Neave, G., & van Vught, F. (Eds.). (1991). Prometheus bound: The changing relationship between government and higher education in Western Europe. Oxford: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  28. Neave, G., & van Vught, F. (Eds.). (1994). Government and higher and higher education relationships across three continents: The winds of change. Oxford: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  29. OECD–Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2006). Reviews of national policies for education: Tertiary education in Portugal. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  30. Queiró, J. F. (1995). A Universidade Portuguesa: Uma Reflexão. Lisbon: Gradiva.Google Scholar
  31. Rose, N. (1996). Governing ‘advanced’ liberal democracies. In A. Barry, T. Osborne, & N. Rose (Eds.), Foucault and political reason: Liberalism, neo-liberals and rationalities of government (pp. 37–64). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  32. Rose, N., & Miller, P. (1992). Political power beyond the state: Problematics of government. British Journal of Sociology, 43, 173–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Salamon, L. (2002). The tools of government: A guide to the new governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Santiago, R., & Carvalho, T. (2008). Academics in a new work environment: The impact of new public management on work conditions. Higher Education Quarterly, 62(3), 204–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Santiago, R., Magalhães, A., & Carvalho, T. (2005). O Surgimento do Managerialismo no Sistema de Ensino Superior Português. Matosinhos: CIPES.Google Scholar
  36. Santos, B. (Ed.). (1993). Portugal: Um Retrato Singular. Porto: Edições Afrontamento.Google Scholar
  37. Stoer, S. R. (1986). Educação e Mudança Social em Portugal: 1970–1980, uma década de transição. Porto: Edições Afrontamento.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIPES, University of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências Sociais, Políticas e JurídicaUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

Personalised recommendations