Advertisement

Mindfulness Meditation: Deconditioning and Changing View

  • Henk Barendregt
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality book series (SNCS, volume 1)

Abstract

Mindfulness interventions and meditation form a mental training towards deconditioning. This paper outlines the mental development during long term mindfulness meditation (vipassanā). It is intended to give researchers in the neurosciences and practitioners of mindfulness based interventions an idea of the phenomenological side of this form of meditation. Mindfulness acts as a separator between the perceived actor in us and the things we cognize and act upon. This makes us more flexible. At the same time our view of self will change: no longer is our ‘agency’ seen as a fixed ‘thing’ or ‘being’ that acts in the world, but as a process of sensory input, appraisal, thinking, acting, depending on various mental states.

Keywords

Negative State Mental Factor Mindfulness Meditation Mystical Experience Phenomenal Consciousness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Augustine of Hippo. (397) (1955). Confessions (A. C. Outler, Trans.)., St. Augustine: Christian Classics Ethereal Library.Google Scholar
  2. Augustine of Hippo (2008). Confessions, Translation: H. Chadwick Oxford World’s Classics, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Barendregt, H. P. (1988). Buddhist phenomenology. In M. dalla Chiara (Ed.), Proceedings of the Conference on Topics and Perspectives of Contemporary Logic and Philosophy of Science (pp. 37–55). Bologna: Clueb. URL: www.cs.ru.nl/~henk/BP/bp1.html
  4. Barendregt, H. P. (1996). Mysticism and beyond, Buddhist phenomenology, Part II. In The Eastern Buddhist (New series, Vol. XXIX, pp. 262–287). URL: www.cs.ru.nl/~henk/BP/bp2.html
  5. Barendregt, J. T. (2008). Phobias and related fears. Unpublished. Available at ftp://ftp.cs.kun.nl/pub/CompMath.Found/JTBarendregtFobias.pdf. (Original work published 1982: Fobiëen en verwante angsten. In J. T. Barendregt De zielenmarkt, Over psychotherapie in alle ernst (pp. 163–180). Meppel: Boom).
  6. Bodhi, B. (2000). A comprehensive manual of Abhidhamma: The Abhidhammattha Sangaha of Ācariya Anuruddha. Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, Pariyatti Editions.Google Scholar
  7. Duck, M. (1988). Newton and Goethe on colour: Physical and physiological considerations. Annals of Science, 45(5), 507–519. 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gethin, R. (2008). Sayings of the Buddha: New translations from the Pali Nikaya, Oxford World’s Classics, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Hölzel, B. K., Ott, U., Gard, T., Hempel, H., Weygandt, M., Morgen, K., & Vaitl, D. (2008). Investigation of mindfulness meditation practitioners with voxel-based morphometry. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3(1), 55–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ñañamoli, B. (1976). The path of purification [Visuddhimagga] (B. Buddhagosa, (approximately 430 A. D.), Trans.). Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society.Google Scholar
  12. Ribe, N., & Steinle, F. (2002). Exploratory experimentation: Goethe, land, and colour theory. Physics Today, 55(7), 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sepper, D. L. (2007). Goethe contra Newton: Polemics and the project for a new science of color. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Singer, W. (1999). Neuronal synchrony: A versatile code for the definition of relations? Neuron, 24(1), 49–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Slagter, H. A., Lutz, A., Greischar, L. L., Francis, A. D., Nieuwenhuis, S., et al. (2007). Training affects distribution of limited brain resources. PLoS Biology, 5(6), e138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. St. John of the Cross (2008). Dark night of the soul, translated by E. Allison Peers, Wilder, Radford VA. Google Scholar
  17. Staal, F. (1975). Exploring mysticism. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  18. van den Hurk, P. A. M., Giommi, F., Gielen, S. C., Speckens, A. E. M., & Barendregt, H. P. (2009). Greater efficiency in attentional processing related to mindfulness meditation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(6), 1168–1180. URL: www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=jour~content=a915419588 Google Scholar
  19. Veening, J. G., & Barendregt, H. P. (2010). The regulation of brain states by neuroactive substances distributed via the cerebrospinal fluid; a review. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research, 7(1), 1. URL: www.cerebrospinalfluidresearch.com/content/7/1/1
  20. Veening, J. G., de Jong, T., & Barendregt, H. P. (2010). Oxytocin messages via the cerebrospinal fluid: Behavioural effects, a review. Physiology & Behavior, 101(2), 193–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceRadboud UniversityNijmegenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations