Defense Means Against Pathogens and Parasites: Reactive Oxygen Species

  • Christian E. W. Steinberg


The rapid reductive activation of oxygen, the oxidative burst, is central when plants and animals defend themselves against invading bacteria, viruses, or fungi. This energy-demanding process and subsequent processes, such as sex reversal particularly in gammarids, have wide-reaching consequences for the host populations which shall be displayed by key examples especially from aquatic systems.


Hypersensitive Response Oxidative Burst Induce Systemic Resistance Systemic Acquire Resistance Signal Crayfish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology Laboratory of Freshwater and Stress EcologyHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany

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