Eucentre TREES Lab: Laboratory for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering and Seismology
Italian awareness about the seismic vulnerability of its building stock dramatically increased after two earthquakes hit the nation: Umbria-Marche earthquake (1997) and Molise earthquake (2002). These two seismic events caused important losses in terms of human life as well as to the economic and artistic wealth. From here the decision to take important actions aiming to the reduction of the national seismic risk: creation of a new seismic zonation of Italy; adoption of a new seismic code; foundation of a research center on earthquake engineering. The paper reviews the development of Eucentre Foundation (European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering) and its experimental laboratory TREES Lab (Laboratory for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering and Seismology). A brief description of the experimental facilities at TREES Lab is reported, describing the principal characteristics of Shaking Table, Bearing Tester System, Reaction Wall-Strong Floor Structure and Mobile Unit. Furthermore, an introduction to some past and current research projects is given to explain what can be done exploiting the capabilities of the TREES Lab facility. Finally, the experimental activities within the SERIES (Seismic Engineering Research Infrastructures for European Synergies) project are described.
KeywordsReinforce Concrete Fiber Reinforce Polymer Seismic Risk Earthquake Engineering Seismic Behavior
The authors acknowledge the precious support of the Italian Department of Civil Protection that allowed the birth and growth of the Eucentre Foundation and TREES Lab. The authors thank the European Community’s Environment ECHO, financial supporter of the projects which allowed the implementation and use of the Mobile Unit. The authors recognize the financial support given by CARIPLO Foundation in the past years for the project regarding the use of advanced materials for strengthening and repair of RC structures in seismic areas and the project for the development and characterization of enhanced sliding polymer composites for seismic isolation. The authors acknowledge also the financial support received from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007-2013] under grant agreement n° 227887 for the SERIES Project.
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