Experimental Evaluation of the Seismic Performance of Steel Buildings with Passive Dampers Using Real-Time Hybrid Simulation

  • Theodore L. Karavasilis
  • James M. Ricles
  • Richard Sause
  • Cheng Chen
Conference paper
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological, and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 22)


An experimental program is presented involving the use of the real-time hybrid simulation method to verify the performance-based seismic design of a two-story, four-bay steel moment resisting frame (MRF) equipped with compressed elastomer dampers. The laboratory specimens, referred to as experimental substructures, are two individual compressed elastomer dampers with the remainder of the building modeled as an analytical substructure. The proposed experimental technique enables an ensemble of ground motions to be applied to the building, resulting in various levels of damage, without the need to repair the experimental substructures, since the damage will be within the analytical substructure. Statistical experimental response results incorporating the ground motion variability show that a steel MRF with compressed elastomer dampers can be designed to perform better than conventional steel special moment resisting frames (SMRFs), even when the MRF with dampers is significantly lighter in weight than the conventional MRF.


Ground Motion Story Drift Moment Resist Frame Analytical Substructure Design Basis Earthquake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This paper is based upon work conducted at Lehigh University and supported by grants from the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development through the Pennsylvania Infrastructure Technology Alliance, and by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant No. CMS-04002490 within the George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation Consortium Operation. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore L. Karavasilis
    • 1
  • James M. Ricles
    • 2
  • Richard Sause
    • 2
  • Cheng Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering ScienceUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, ATLSS Engineering Research CenterLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  3. 3.School of EngineeringSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA

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