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Genetically Modified Plants and Bees

  • Dharam P. Abrol
Chapter

Abstract

Genetically modified crops which have opened new avenues of species alteration has been accompanied by concerns of their adverse effects on nontarget organisms such as bees. GM crops are commercially modified for pest and or herbicide resistance. Transgenes such as BT may be expressed in pollen and in the plant parts and secretions collected by bees. Available information suggests that crops transformed with genes coding for Bt proteins donot harm bees. Similarly, herbicide resistant crops are not likely to pose direct toxicity to bees yet greater weed control in herbicide resistant crops may be responsible foe lower bee abundance in these crops than the non transformed ones. However, reduced use of pesticides with insect resistant GM crops and reduced tillage that is possible with herbicide resistant crops could be beneficial to bee populations compared to conventional agriculture. Evidently risk of GM crops should be assessed on a case by case basis in relation to feasible alternatives.

Keywords

Genetically Modify Oilseed Rape Genetically Modify Crop Honey Sample Genetically Modify Organism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Entomology Faculty of AgricultureSher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyJammuIndia

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