Historical Perspective

  • Dharam P. Abrol


This chapter traces the history of pollination. The basic principle of sex differentiation in plants may have been known as early as 1500 B.C. Hebrews learned the value and art of date pollination from Egyptian and Babylonian experts. An Assyrian architectural relief of that period shows two divine creatures, each presumably holding a male date inflorescence over a female inflorescence. The Arabic writer, Kazwini, who died about 682 A.D., as saying that the date is the only tree that is artificially fertilized. Growers of dates today use this method to assure a set of dates in their groves. In 1694, Rudolph Jacob Camerarius stated that there are two different parts of the flower, the stamens and the pistil, and that they must work together to produce ripe seed. Arthur Dobbs (1750) was the first to observe how bees pollinated flowers.


Pollen Tube Date Palm Pollination Mechanism Female Inflorescence Insect Pollination 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Entomology Faculty of AgricultureSher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyJammuIndia

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