Advertisement

Environmental Profiles of Farm Types in Switzerland Based on LCA

  • Daniel U. Baumgartner
  • Johanna Mieleitner
  • Martina Alig
  • Gérard Gaillard
Conference paper

Abstract

The goal of the study was to assess the environmental impacts of a network of Swiss farms consisting of farms of different types, production regions and farming systems in order to analyse the environmental profile per farm type. Agronomic, technical and economic data of 105 Swiss farms have been collected for the year 2008. We identified three types of environmental profiles subject to the analysed functional units: i) a rather favourable environmental profile, e.g. 'combined suckler cows'; ii) a profile with favourable impacts regarding the function of land cultivation, but unfavourable for the productive and financial function, e.g. 'other cattle'; and iii) a profile with favourable impacts for the productive function, but unfavourable for the financial function and the function of land management, e.g. 'combined pigs/poultry'. In conclusion, we found that an environmental optimisation over three functions is challenging as areas of conflicts are present, especially between conserving land management and high productive output

Keywords

Life Cycle Assessment Impact Category Farm Type High Productive Output Arable Crop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Foster C, Green K, Bleda M, Dewick P, Evans B, Flynn A, Mylan J (2006) Environmental impacts of food production and consumption: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Manchester Business School, Defra, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hersener J-L (2011) Zentrale Auswertung von Ökobilanzen landwirtschaftlicher Betriebe. Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART, Zürich, Schweiz. (in preparation)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Meier B (2000) Neue Methodik für die Zentrale Auswertung der FAT, Methodische Grundlagen der Zentralen Auswertung von Buchhaltungsdaten. Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART, <http://www.agroscope.admin.ch/betriebs-wirtschaft/04362/04363/04379/index.html?lang=de> (accessed 5.04.2011).
  4. 4.
    Nemecek T, Freiermuth Knuchel R, Alig M, Gaillard G (2010) The advantages of generic LCA tools for agriculture: examples SALCAcrop and SALCAfarm. Proceedings of the 7th Int. conference on life cycle assessment in the agri-food sector, Bari, Italy.,22-24 September 2010: 433–438.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Frischknecht R, Jungbluth N, Althaus H-J, Doka G, Hellweg S, Hischier R, Nemecek T, Margni M, Spielmann M (2004) Implementation of life cycle assessment methods - ecoinvent data v1.1. Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories (ecoinvent), DübendorfGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    IPCC (2007) Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hauschild M, Wenzel H (1998) Environmental assessment of products - Vol. 2: Scientific back-ground. 2nd edn. Chapman & Hall, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guinée JB, Gorrée M, Heijungs R, Huppes G, Kleijn R, de Koning A, van Oers L, Wegener Sleeswijk A, Suh S, Udo de Haes HA, de Bruijn H, van Duin R, Huijbregts MAJ, Lindeijer E, Roorda AAH, Weidema BP (2001) Life cycle assessment - An operational guide to the ISO standards. Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment (VROM) and Centre of Environmental Science (CML), Den Haag and Leiden, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    <http://www.r-project.org/> (accessed 15.04.2011).
  10. 10.
    Nemecek T, Huguenin-Elie O, Dubois D, Gaillard G (2005) Ökobilanzierung von Anbausystemen im Schweizerischen Acker- und Futterbau. Agroscope FAL eckenholz, Zurich, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel U. Baumgartner
    • 1
  • Johanna Mieleitner
    • 1
  • Martina Alig
    • 1
  • Gérard Gaillard
    • 1
  1. 1.Agroscope Reckenholz-Taenikon Research Station (ART)ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations