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International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook: Review Schemes for Life Cycle Assessment

  • Kirana Chomkhamsri
  • Marc-Andree Wolf
  • Rana Pant
Conference paper

Abstract

Quality and consistency of life cycle based decision support are essential in public policy and business context. Those can and should be supported by ‘critical review’ of underlying data and of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies themselves. A review can help avoiding errors, assuring that all options or method requirements have been appropriately taken into account, and increasing acceptance by stakeholders. The principle requirements for reviews are briefly addressed in the ISO 14040 series. While other LCA-based standards define some review requirements in more detail, information on how to conduct the review or what qualifications are required from reviewers is scarce. Building on these standards, more specific requirements and guidance on review are provided in the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) handbook. Distinctions are made depending on the application context. Differentiations are made with respect to the intended audience, the complexity and broadness of the assessment, and the need of stakeholder involvement. In result, two different review types were identified (with/without stakeholder involvement). The handbook also provides minimum requirements for the qualification of reviewers. An upcoming document will provide more detail on scope (“what”) and the method (“how”) of review.

Keywords

Life Cycle Assessment Life Cycle Inventory Life Cycle Assessment Study Life Cycle Assessment Methodology Environmental Product Declaration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Pant R et al (2008) International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD). 10th International Ecobalance Conference, 9–11 December, TokyoGoogle Scholar
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    Wolf M et al (2009) Review of LCA work – the accredited certification scheme of the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD). SETAC Europe 19th Annual Meeting 31st May - 4th June, GoteborgGoogle Scholar
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    European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (2010) International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook - General guide for Life Cycle Assessment - Detailed guidance. First edition March 2010. EUR 24708 EN. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
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    European Commission - Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability (2010) International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook - Review schemes for Life Cycle Assessment. First edition March 2010. EUR 24710 EN. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
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    ISO 14040:2006. Environmental management - Life cycle assessment- Principles and frameworkGoogle Scholar
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    ISO 14025:2006. Environmental labels and declarations - Type III environmental declarations - Principles and proceduresGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirana Chomkhamsri
    • 1
  • Marc-Andree Wolf
    • 1
  • Rana Pant
    • 1
  1. 1.European CommissionJRC – IESIspraItaly

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