Anoxia pp 189-203 | Cite as

The Unusual Response of Encysted Embryos of the Animal Extremophile, Artemia franciscana, to Prolonged Anoxia

  • James S. Clegg
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 21)


Encysted embryos (cysts) of the brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana, appear to bring their overall metabolism to a reversible standstill during prolonged anoxia. Mechanisms involved in this unusual response are considered, along with the broader significance of cells that survive in the absence of measurable free energy flow and macromolecular turnover, when fully hydrated and at physiological temperature.


Chaperone Activity Small Heat Shock Protein Artemia Franciscana Metabolic Rate Depression Prolonged Anoxia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Long time collaborations with Professors Tom MacRae and Al Warner, and members of their laboratories, have been very valuable as we all attempt to understand the remarkable animal extremophile, Artemia. Partially supported by CRIS project Ca-D*-BML-5207-H, Ag. Exp. Station, University of California.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V.  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bodega Marine, Laboratory, Section of Molecular and Cellular BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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