Advertisement

Spirituality and Systems of Belief

  • Enzo Pace
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter examines the dynamics of religion and spirituality by noting that historically religions have always been preeminently contexts for the assertion of system power, whereas spiritualities focus on the empowerment of actors – spiritualities are constructed by participant actors rather than engaged as external systems for the allocation of divine favor or power. Thus spirituality is not a residual category when religion fails to hold its power base among a population, but an autonomous category for the construction of meaning and value outside the societal power structure.

Keywords

Religious Belief Mystical Experience Symbolic Capital Semantic Field Residual Category 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Archer, M. 2003. Structure, agency and internal conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barker, E. 2004. The church without and the god within. In Religion and patterns of social transformation, ed. I. Borowik, D. Jerosolimov, and S. Zrinšcak, 23–47. Zagreb: IDIZ.Google Scholar
  3. Barker, E. 2005. Yet more varieties of religious experiences. In Religiöser Pluralismus in vereinten Europa, ed. H. Lehman, 156–172. Göttingen: Wallstein.Google Scholar
  4. Barker, E., and B. Wilson. 2005. What are new religions doing in a secular society. In Understanding social change, ed. A. Heath, J. Ermisch, and D. Gallie, 291–317. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Beckford, J.A. 2003. Social theory and religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berzano, L. 1999. Il new age. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  7. Besecke, K. 2005. Seeing invisible religion: Religion as societal conversation about transcendent meaning. Sociological Theory 23: 179–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beyer, P. 1998. The religious system of global society. Numen 1: 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bourdieu, P. 1971. Genèse et structure du champ religieux. Revue Française de Sociologie 3: 295–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bruce, S. 2002. God is dead: Secularization in the west. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  11. Cesareo, V. (ed.). 2005. Ricomporre la vita. Roma: Carocci.Google Scholar
  12. Cipriani, R. 2006. Criteri per l’uso del concetto sociologico di religione. In Tra religione e spiritualità, ed. G. Giordan, 27–47. Milano: Angeli.Google Scholar
  13. Durkheim, E. 1922. Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse. Paris: Alcan.Google Scholar
  14. Filoramo, G. 1983. L’attesa della fine: Storia della gnosi. Rome: Laterza.Google Scholar
  15. Garelli, F., G. Guizzardi, and E. Pace (eds.). 2003. Un singolare pluralismo: Indagine sul pluralismo morale e religioso degli italiani. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  16. Garelli, F., A. Palmonari, and L. Sciolla. 2006. La socializzazione flessibile. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  17. Giordan, G. 2006. Domenica di giovedì: La reinvenzione della spiritualità nel mondo contemporaneo. In Tra religione e spiritualità, ed. G. Giordan, 71–91. Milan: Angeli.Google Scholar
  18. Girard, R. 1972. La violence et le sacré. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  19. Grant, D., K. O’Neil, and L. Stephens. 2004. Spirituality in the workplace. Sociology of Religion 65: 265–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Halmann, L. (ed.). 1993. The individualizing society: Value change in Europe and North America. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Hamilton, M. 2000. An analysis of the festival for mind-body-spirit. In Beyond new age: Exploring alternative spirituality, ed. S. Sutcliffe and M. Bowman, 188–200. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Helaas, P. 1995. Introduction: Detraditionalization and its rivals. In Detraditionalization. Critical reflections on authority and identity, ed. P. Helaas, S. Lasch, and P. Morris, 1–20. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  23. Helaas, P., L. Woodhead, B. Seel, B. Szerszynski, and K. Tusting. 2005. The spiritual revolution: Why religion is giving way to spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  24. Hervieu-Léger, D. 2003. Le pèlerin et le converti. Paris: Flammarion.Google Scholar
  25. Houtman, D., and S. Aupers. 2006. La spiritualità come concetto sociologico. In Tra religione e spiritualità, ed. G. Giordan, 48–70. Milan: Angeli.Google Scholar
  26. Houtman, D., and P. Mascini. 2002. Why do churches become empty: While new age grows? Secularization and religious change in the Netherlands. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41: 455–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Inglehart, R., and P. Norris. 2004. Sacred and secular. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Luckmann, Thomas. 1996. The privatization of religion and morality. In Detraditionalization: Critical reflections on authority and identity, ed. P. Helaas, S. Lasch, and P. Morris, 72–86. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  29. Luhmann, N. 1990. Sistemi sociali. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  30. Luhmann, N. 1995. Social system. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Marzano, M. 2009. Cattolicesimo magico. Milan: Bompiani.Google Scholar
  32. McGuire, M.B. 1982. Pentecostal Catholics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Pace, E. 2006. Modelli di spiritualità nell’islam. In Tra religione e spiritualità, ed. G. Giordan, 168–181. Milano: Angeli.Google Scholar
  34. Pace, E. 2008. Raccontare Dio: La religione come comunicazione. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  35. Possamai, A. 2003. Alternative spiritualities and the culture logic of late capitalism. Culture and Religion 4: 31–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rappaport, R.A. 1999. Ritual and religion in the making of humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Roldan, V. 2009. Il rinnovamento carismatico cattolico. Milan: Angeli.Google Scholar
  38. Roof, W.C. 1999. Spiritual marketplace. Baby boomers and the remaking of the baby boom generation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Roof, W.C. 2003. Religion and spirituality: Toward an integrated analysis. In Handbook of the sociology of religion, ed. M. Dillon, 137–148. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Schütz, A., and T. Luckmann. 1973, 1989. The structure of the lifeworld. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Séguy, J. 1980. Christianisme et société: Introduction à la sociologie de Ernst Troeltsch. Paris: Editions du Cerf.Google Scholar
  42. Stark, R., and M. Introvigne. 2003. Dio è tornato: Indagine sulla rivincita delle religioni in Occidente. Casale Monferrato: Piemme.Google Scholar
  43. Troeltsch, E. 1912. Die Soziallehren der Christlichen Kirchen und Gruppen. Tübingen: Mohr.Google Scholar
  44. Van Otterloo, A.H. 1999. Selfspirituality and the body: New age centres in the Netherlands since 1960 s. Social Compass 46: 191–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wuthnow, R. 2001. Creative spirituality: The way of the artist. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enzo Pace
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PaduaPaduaItaly

Personalised recommendations