Human Security, Capital Punishment, and East Asian Democracies
The primary goal of global human security policy is not only to prevent and stop war but also to eliminate the economic, social, environmental, and political conditions that generate threats to the security of people. Since the end of World War II, the death penalty has become a major issue on the international human rights and human security agenda, and the movement to abolish it has gained significant international support. In East Asia, however, retention of the death penalty rather than abolition is the norm, despite the great variance between countries in their abolition movement. This chapter addresses the domestic variables that help explain varying stages of the anti–death penalty movement among major democracies in East Asia. Focusing on the role of domestic political conditions and institutions, this chapter seeks to address whether particular domestic factors are likely to help or hinder the norm’s effectiveness.
KeywordsDeath Penalty Death Sentence Human Security United Nations General Life Imprisonment
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