Environments and Habitat for Insects in Australia

  • Tim R. New


‘Places to live’ can be considered at various scales, from broad biogeographical regions extending over thousands of kilometres, to part of a single small plant or individual animal host. Those scales form a hierarchy, so that an environment for any given insect can be considered as a series spanning these extremes, with each subordinate level representing increased specificity and ecological specialisation. One leading European ecologist recently used the apposite simile of the Russian matrioschka dolls to illustrate this, with each successive doll inside a larger one representing finer detail of need but still depending on the protection of the enveloping covers.


Insect Species Ecological Specialisation Foliage Cover Subordinate Level Characteristic Flight 
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Further Reading

  1. Attiwill P, Wilson B (eds.) (2006) Ecology. An Australian perspective, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Melbourne (much background to the variety of biotopes and environments within Australia, and now a standard text)Google Scholar
  2. Carnahan JA (1977) Vegetation. In: Jeans DN (ed.) Australia: a geography. Sydney University Press, Sydney, pp 175–195Google Scholar
  3. Dennis RLH (2010) A resource-based habitat view for conservation. Butterflies in the British landscape. Wiley-Blackwell, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra: Accessed Jan 2011Google Scholar
  5. Hughes RD (1974) Living insects. Collins, Sydney (an informal introduction to biology of insects in Australia and their major habitats, with much classic work included)Google Scholar
  6. Matthews EG, Kitching RL (1984) Insect ecology, 2nd edn. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane (a more formal introduction to insect ecology in Australia)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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