Climate pp 401-417 | Cite as

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Approach to Water Resources Climate Change Adaptation

  • J. C. Dalton
  • T. A. Brown
  • R. A. Pietrowsky
  • K. D. White
  • J. R. Olsen
  • J. R. Arnold
  • J. P. Giovannettone
  • L. D. Brekke
  • D. A. Raff
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

The magnitude of climate change impacts facing water resources managers in the United States has spurred closer interagency cooperation in developing methods supporting planning and engineering for climate change adaptation. The two largest water resources management agencies in the U.S., the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation, have partnered to describe climate change challenges, identify user needs for improving tools and information, and assess capabilities to use weather and climate forecasts in federal water resources management. They have also hosted a forum with national and international experts exploring the issue of nonstationary hydrology with respect to climate change. In progress is development of multiagency guidelines for best practices to select from the portfolio of climate information including global climate scenarios, through general circulation models, through downscaling, to regional or watershed-scale hydrological and operations planning models to account properly for climate change and variability at the scale of water-resource operational decisions. This presentation describes collaborative activities and the resulting methods being used as both agencies plan for and implement climate change adaptation measures.

Keywords

Climate Change Impact Water Resource Management Climate Change Adaptation Climate Information Federal Emergency Management Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Brekke LD, Kiang JE, Olsen JR, Pulwarty RS, Raff DA, Turnipseed DP, Webb RS, White KD (2009a) Climate change and water resources management—a federal perspective: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1331, p 65. Available at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1331/
  2. 2.
    Brekke LD, Maurer EP, Anderson JD, Dettinger MD, Townsley ES, Harrison A, Pruitt T (2009b) Assessing reservoir operations risk under climate change. Water Resour Res 45(WO4411)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brekke L., White KD, Olsen JR, Townsley ES, Williams D, Hanbali F, Hennig C, Brown C, Raff D, Wittler R (2011) Addressing climate change in long-term water resources management: user priorities for improving tools and information. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works Technical Series CWTS-10-02, p 161. Available at http://www.usbr.gov/climate/userneeds/
  4. 4.
    CCAWWG Assessing a portfolio of approaches for producing climate change information to support adaptation decisions workshop. Available at: http://www.corpsclimate.us/assessingportfolioworkshop.cfm
  5. 5.
    Dettinger MD, Cayan DR (1995) Large-scale atmospheric forcing of recent trends toward early snowmelt runoff in California. J Climate 8(3):606–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Donohue MJ (2005) Restoration authorities of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: a discussion paper. Report adopted by the Chief of Engineers Environmental Advisory Board. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC. Available at: http://www.usace.army.mil/CECW/Documents/eab/RestorationAuthorityGaps_final_12-1-05.pdf
  7. 7.
    Gleick PH (1986) Methods for evaluating the regional hydrologic impacts of global climatic changes. J Hydrol 88(1–2):97–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hall DG, Reeves KS (2006) A study of United States hydroelectric plant ownership. Idaho National Laboratory Report INL/EXT-06-11519, Idaho National Laboratory: Idaho Falls, Idaho. Available at: http://hydropower.inel.gov/hydrofacts/pdfs/a_study_of_united_states_hydroelectric_plant_ownership.pdf
  9. 9.
    Interagency Performance Evaluation Team (2009) Performance evaluation of the New Orleans and Southeast Louisiana hurricane protection system final report of the Interagency Performance Evaluation Task Force. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington DC. Available at: https://ipet.wes.army.mil/
  10. 10.
    IPCC, Bindoff NL, Willebrand J, Artale V, Cazenave A, Gregory J, Gulev S, Hanawa K, Le Quéré C, Levitus S, Nojiri Y, Shum CK, Talley LD, Unnikrishnan A (2007) Observations: oceanic climate change and sea level. In: Solomon S et al (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge\New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lettenmaier DP, Gan TY (1990) Hydrologic sensitivities of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River basin, California, to global warming. Water Resour Res 26(1):69–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Milly PCD, Betancourt J, Falkenmark M, Hirsch RM, Kundzewicz ZW, Lettenmaier DP, Stouffer RJ (2008) Stationarity is dead: whither water management? Science 319(5863):573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mote PW, Hamlet AF, Clark MP, Lettenmaier DP (2005) Declining mountain snowpack in western North America. BAMS 86(1):39–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    National Research Council (1987) Responding to changes in sea level: engineering implications. National Academy Press, Washington, D.CGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    NOAA (2008) Research and development scoping and framing workshop. Available at: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/workshops/ccawwg/2008/
  16. 16.
    Olsen JR, Kiang J, Waskom R (eds) (2010b) Workshop on nonstationarity, hydrologic frequency analysis, and water management. Colorado Water Institute Information Series No. 109. Colorado Water Institute, Fort Collins. http://www.cwi.colostate.edu/publications/is/109.pdf
  17. 17.
    Olsen JR, White KD, Kiang J, Turnipseed DP, Brekke LD, Raff DA, Pulwarty RS, Webb R (2010a) Water resources and stability. In: Cabayan H, Sotirin B, Davis R, Popp R, Lowe K, Reynolds A, Ralte A, Myers H, Kearley P, Allen R, Jacques L, Halls S, Camacho E, Curry K, Dodd C, Westmorland R, Moulton M, Hamilton B, Drake M, Hilton M, Rieger T, Mullen T, Connors F, Steen P, Kuznar L (eds) Perspectives on political and social regional stability impacted by global crises – a social science context, p 131–143. Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) and US Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Directorate, Washington, DC, P 89–97Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Raff D, Arnold JR, Giovannettone JP, Olsen JR, Soddell JR, White KD (in preparation) Use of weather and climate forecasts in near term federal water resources management: current capabilities, required capabilities, and gaps. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Research and Development Office and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rahmstorf S (2007) A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise. Science 315:368–370. doi:10.1126/science.1135456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Reganda S, Rajagopalan B, Clark M, Pitlick J (2005) Seasonal cycle shifts in hydroclimatology over the Western US. J Climate 18(2):372–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Service RF (2004) As the west goes dry. Nature 303:1124–1127Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Stewart IT, Cayan DR, Dettinger MD (2004) Changes toward earlier streamflow timing across western North America. J Climate 18:1136–1155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stockton SL,White KD (in review) US Army Corps of Engineers’ collaborative approach to 21st century challenges posed by global change. In: Proceedings, NATO advanced research workshop on climate change: global change and local adaptation, Hella, 6–10 June 2010Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (n.d) Mission statement. Available at: http://www.usbr.gov/gpra/
  25. 25.
    USACE (2000) Engineer regulation 1105-2-100, planning guidance notebook. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC. Available at: http://140.194.76.129/publications/engregs/er1105-2-100/toc.htm
  26. 26.
    USACE (2005) An act making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2006, and for other purposes. Available at: http://www.usace.army.mil/CECW/Documents/cecwm/cra/pl_109-103.pdf
  27. 27.
    USACE (2009a) Engineer circular 1110-2-6070, comprehensive evaluation of project datums. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC. Available at: http://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-circulars/ec1110-2-6070/toc.html
  28. 28.
    USACE (2009b) Engineer regulation 1110-2-8160, policies for referencing project elevation grades to nationwide vertical datums. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC. Available at: http://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-regs/er1110-2-8160/toc.html
  29. 29.
    USACE (2009c) Incorporating sea-level change considerations in civil works programs. US Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC. Available at: http://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-circulars/ec1165-2-211/toc.htmlhttp://140.194.76.129/publications/eng-circulars/ec1165-2-211/toc.html
  30. 30.
    USACE (2009d) Environmental operating principles. Available at: http://www.corpsresults.us/environment/envprinciples.htm
  31. 31.
    Vaddey SV, Hamlet AF, White KD (2006) A foundation planning study for USACE climate variability planning and adaptation in the western U.S. Proceedings, AWRA summer specialty conference: adaptive management of water resources, Missoula, 26–28 June 2006Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vaddey SR, White KD (2007) Balancing water needs in the face of climate variability: progress by the US Army Corps of Engineers. Proceedings, waterpower XV, Chattanooga, 23–26 July 2007Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Western Governors’ Association (2006) Water needs and strategies for a sustainable future. Western Governors ‘Association, Denver. Available at: http://www.westgov.org/wga/publicat/Water06.pdf
  34. 34.
    White KD, Olsen JR, Brekke LD, Raff DA, Pulwarty RS, Webb R (2010) Changing climate impacts to water resources: implications for stability. In: Cabayan H et al (eds) Perspectives on political and social regional stability impacted by global crises – a social science context. Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) and US Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Directorate, Washingotn DC, p 131–143Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    White KD, Vaddey SV (2007) Climate dynamics. Mil Eng 99(648):59–60Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    White KD, Vaddey SV, Hamlet AF, Cohen S, Neilsen D, Taylor W (2006) Integrating climate impacts in water resource planning and management. ASCE 13th international conference on cold regions engineering, Orono, 23–26 July 2006Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Dalton
    • 1
  • T. A. Brown
    • 1
  • R. A. Pietrowsky
    • 2
  • K. D. White
    • 2
  • J. R. Olsen
    • 2
  • J. R. Arnold
    • 2
  • J. P. Giovannettone
    • 2
  • L. D. Brekke
    • 3
  • D. A. Raff
    • 4
  1. 1.U.S. Army Corps of EngineersWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Water ResourcesU.S. Army Corps of EngineersWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Technical Service CenterU.S. Bureau of ReclamationWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Policy and AdministrationU.S. Bureau of ReclamationWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations