Garcinia macrophylla

  • T. K. Lim


In it native Amazonia, it occurs as an under-storey tree in the evergreen lowland forests to lower montane forests, at altitudes of 50–400 m. It flourishes in the Amazonian climatic regime with mean annual temperatures of 26–28°C and mean annual rainfall of 1,500–4,000 mm. Young trees are killed by light frost and older trees will tolerate brief periods of light frost. The tree grows in light to moderate shade but will tolerate full sun and wind exposure. It grows best on well-drained nutrient rich soils but will grow on deep, well drained, nutrient poor oxisols and ultisols.


Fatty Acid Derivative Phenyl Ethanol Hydroalcoholic Extract Linalool Oxide Human Ovarian Carcinoma Cell Line 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Selected References

  1. Alves TM, Alves R, Romanha AJ, Zani CL, dos Santos MH, Nagem TJ (1999) Biological activities of 7-epiclusianone. J Nat Prod 62(2):369–371PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrade MS, Sampaio TS, Nogueira PCL, Ribeiro AS, Bittrich V, Amaral MCE (2007) Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Garcinia macrophylla. Chem Nat Compd 43(2):221–224Google Scholar
  3. Bittar M, de Souza MM, Yunes RA, Lento R, Delle Monache F, Cechinel Filho V (2000) Antinociceptive activity of I3, II8-binaringenin, a biflavonoid present in plants of the guttiferae. Planta Med 66:84–86Google Scholar
  4. Braz Filho R, de Magalhães GC, Gottlieb OR (1970) Xanthones of Rheedia gardneriana. Phytochemistry 9(3):673Google Scholar
  5. Campbell CW (1983) The bacuripari: a shade-tolerant tropical fruit for Southern Florida. Proc Fla State Hort Soc 96:219–220Google Scholar
  6. Campbell RJ (1996) South American fruits deserving further attention. In: Janick J (ed.) Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, pp 431–439Google Scholar
  7. Castardo JC, Prudente AS, Ferreira J, Guimarães CL, Delle Monache F, Cechinel Filho V, Otuki MF, Cabrini DA (2008) Anti-inflammatory effects of hydroalcoholic extract and two biflavonoids from Garcinia gardneriana leaves in mouse paw oedema. J Ethnopharmacol 118(3):405–411Google Scholar
  8. Cavalcante PB (1991) Frutas comestíveis da Amazônia, 5ªth edn. CEJUP, CNPq: Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém, 279 pp (In Portuguese)Google Scholar
  9. Cechinel Filho V, da Silva KL, de Souza MM, Oliveira AE, Yunes RA, Guimarães CL, Verdi LG, Simionatto EL, Delle Monache F (2000) I3-naringenin-II8–4’OMe-eriodictyol: a new potential analgesic agent isolated from Rheedia gardneriana leaves. Z Naturforsch C 55(9–10):820–823Google Scholar
  10. Cruz AJ, Lemos VS, dos Santos MH, Nagem TJ, Cortes SF (2006) Vascular effects of 7-epiclusianone, a prenylated benzophenone from Rheedia gardneriana, on the rat aorta. Phytomedicine 13(6):442–445Google Scholar
  11. Delle Monache G, Delle Monache F, Marini-Bettolo GB, Alves de Lima R (1983) Chemical investigation of the genus Rheedia I. Prenylated xanthones from Rheedia gardneriana. J Nat Prod 46:655–659Google Scholar
  12. Delle Monache G, Delle Monache F, Waterman PG, Crichton EG, De Limas RA (1984) Minor xanthones from Rheedia gardneriana. Phytochemistry 23(8):1757–1759Google Scholar
  13. dos Santos MH, Nagem TJ, Braz-Filho R, Lula IS, Speziali NL (2001) Complete assignment of the 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the tetraisoprenylated benzophenone 15-epiclusianone. Magn Reson Chem 39:155–159Google Scholar
  14. Girardi LGJ, Morsch M, Oliveira AE, Cechinel-Filho V, Rodrigues CA (2005) Separation of bioactive ­biflavonoids from Rheedia gardneriana using chitosan modified with benzaldehyde. Z Naturforsch C 60:408–410Google Scholar
  15. Grandter MM (2005) Elsevier’s dictionary of trees. Volume 1: North America. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1529 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Kearns DM (1998) 6. Garcinia L. In: Steyermark JA, Berry PE, Holst BK (eds.) Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, vol 4. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, pp 295–299Google Scholar
  17. Lorenzi H (2002) Brazilian trees a guide to the identification and cultivation of Brazilian native trees, vol 3, 4th edn. Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da lora Ltda, Brazil, 384 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. Lorenzi H, Bacher L, Lacerda M, Sartori S (2006) Brazilian fruits & cultivated exotics (for consuming in natura). Instito Plantarum de Etodos da Flora Ltda, Brazil, 740 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Murata RM, Branco de Almeida LS, Yatsuda R, Dos Santos MH, Nagem TJ, Rosalen PL, Koo H (2008) Inhibitory effects of 7-epiclusianone on glucan synthesis, acidogenicity and biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans. FEMS Microbiol Lett 282(2):174–181Google Scholar
  20. Otuki MF, Bernardi CA, Prudente AS, Laskoski K, Gomig F, Horinouchi CD, Guimarães CL, Ferreira J, Delle-Monache F, Cechinel-Filho V, Cabrini DA (2011) Garcinia gardneriana (Planchon & Triana) Zappi. (Clusiaceae) as a topical anti-inflammatory alternative for cutaneous inflammation. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 109(1):56–62Google Scholar
  21. Samarão SSII, Corrêa LAS, Moreira ASN, Freire MGM, Macedo MLR (2010) In vitro study of the activity of ethanol extract from “bacupari” (Rheedia gardneriana Planch. & Triana) seeds and its fractions on Streptococcus mutans growth. Rev Bras Plantas Med 12(2):234–238Google Scholar
  22. Tropicos Org (2011) Nomenclatural and specimen database of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed 8 Feb 2011
  23. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (2010) Germplasm Resources Information Network – (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Accessed Oct 2010
  24. Verdi LG, Pizzolatti MG, Montanher AB, Brighente IM, Smânia Júnior A, Smânia Ed Ede F, Simionatto EL, Delle Monache F (2004) Antibacterial and brine shrimp lethality tests of biflavonoids and derivatives of Rheedia gardneriana. Fitoterapia 75(3–4):360–363Google Scholar
  25. Williams RB, Hoch J, Glass TE, Evans R, Miller JS, Wisse JH, Kingston DG (2003) A novel cytotoxic guttiferone analogue from Garcinia macrophylla from the Suriname rainforest. Planta Med 69(9):864–866Google Scholar
  26. Zappi DC (1993) A new combination in Garcinia (Guttiferae). Kew Bull 48:410Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.ChisholmAustralia

Personalised recommendations