Vigna radiata

  • T. K. Lim


India is regarded to be the centre of domestication of mungbean and supported by archaeological remains (Jain and Mehra 1980). However wild forms of mungbean, Vigna radiata var. sublobata show a wide area of distribution, extending from Central and East Africa, Madagascar, through Asia, New Guinea, to North and East Australia (Tateishi 1996). Studies of mungbean landraces in Asia led Tomooka et al. (1992) to conclude that the region of protein type diversity is found in West Asia (Afghanistan-Iran-Iraq area) rather than in India. They proposed on the basis of geographical distribution of protein types that mungbean may have spread mainly to the east by two routes. One route is from India to Southeast Asia; strains consisting of a few protein types with prominent protein type 1 were disseminated by this route. Another dissemination pathway may have occurred for protein type 7 and 8 strains from West Asia or India to China and Taiwan via the Silk Road and not via Southeast Asia. Mungbean is now widely grown in tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world. Mung beans are mainly cultivated in China, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Burma, Bangladesh and India, but also in hot and dry regions of southern Europe and the southern USA.


Phytic Acid Mung Bean Pantothenic Acid Trypsin Inhibitor Activity Adzuki Bean 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. K. Lim
    • 1
  1. 1.ChisholmAustralia

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